“Happy Slaves” Described In 7th Grade Virginia Textbook Used for 20 Yrs.

6b2bPublished in 1956 and used in Virginia classrooms through the late 1970’s, Virginia: History, Government, Geography by Francis B. Simkins and Spotswood H. Jones, and Sidman P. Poole describes the life of a Virginia slave as “happy”, “cheerful”, and “prosperous.”

“A feeling of strong affection existed between masters and slaves in a majority of Virginia homes. . . The house servants became almost as much a part of the planter’s family circle as its white members. . . The Negroes were always present at family weddings. They were allowed to look on at dances and other entertainments . . . A strong tie existed between slave and master because each was dependent on the other. . . The slave system demanded that the master care for the slave in childhood, in sickness, and in old age. The regard that master and slaves had for each other made plantation life happy and prosperous.  Life among the Negroes of Virginia in slavery times was generally happy. The Negroes went about in a cheerful manner making a living for themselves and for those for whom they worked. . . But they were not worried by the furious arguments going on between Northerners and Southerners over what should be done with them. In fact, they paid little attention to these arguments.”

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1822 Slave Ad: “Ranaway…Negro woman Harriet, who has a white male child…”

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This October 8, 1822 edition of the General Advertiser (Easton, MD) has a total of 15 slave-related advertisements including one that says, “RANAWAY or was kinappped…a negro woman named HARRIET, who has a white male child, about one year old…Her child is named William Alford Henry, but generally called Alford. She has generally been used to house work, such as plain cooking, &c. and is much addicted to snuff rubbing…” Continue reading

Vintage Birmingham, AL Fire Nozzle

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This vintage 12 pound brass fire nozzle is stamped “BFD 23” to designate its use from the Birmingham, Alabama Fire Station #23. One of the most iconic and disturbing moments of the Civil Rights Movement was when the Commissioner of Public Safety, Bull Connor, ordered the Birmingham, Alabama Fire Department to use fire hoses on men, women, and children demonstrators. “Connor ordered the city’s fire hoses, set at a level that would peel bark off a tree or separate bricks from mortar, to be turned on the children. Boys’ shirts were ripped off, and young women were pushed over the tops of cars by the force of the water. Continue reading


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This menu is from the nightclub that Malcolm X describes affectionately in his autobiography. Malcolm X worked there as a day waiter between 1942 and 1943. At Smalls, Malcolm makes a good impression on the customers and on his employers, and learns various hustling techniques, the etiquette of the Harlem underworld, and the history of the neighborhood. With his tips, Malcolm begins to invest a lot of money in the numbers racket, the popular unofficial lottery in Harlem. Continue reading

1822 Slave Bill of Sale

DSC06396A bill of sale in which Joseph S. Collins agrees to sell for $260 “my negro woman Jemima for and during the remainder of the term of seven years, three months and five days…”

Original manuscript document signed, one page, 8×10, Washington County, District of Columbia, January 15, 1822.  Fine condition, with some age wear.


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This is The Natchez Weekly Courier from September 24, 1856.  It is a four-page weekly that is COMPLETE and in fine condition.  There are nine different slave advertisements with two of them illustrated; four of the slave ads are relating to runaways.  One of the slave ads is for Lewis, a 26-year-old runaway with the horrific statement, “…a scar under his left eye, and he has been badly whipped.”  I have never seen a more haunting statement in a runaway slave advertisement. Click for six more photos… Continue reading


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This is the book African-Americans would use (when traveling) to know where to find a hotel or restaurant that would accept African-Americans.  The traveler’s guide has all cities and states, and includes the addresses for the facilities it recommends . It is fascinating to look up your city and see what hotels, restaurants, and vacation spots (of those that have survived) that permitted the patronage of African-Americans in the 1950’s.  The Green Book is from 1958; published by the Esso Men. Continue reading


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This March 13, 1855 edition of the New York Tribune includes an article about an advertisement for “Negro Dogs.”  It states, “I would inform the citizens of Holmes County that i still have my NEGRO DOGS and that they are in good training and ready to attend to all calls of hunting and catching RUNAWAY NEGROES at the following rates.  For hunting per day, five dollars Continue reading


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This August 30, 1828 edition of the National Intelligencer has 7 slave ads.  One advertises a FORTY DOLLARS REWARD for a 17 or 18-year-old named William.  “He is of a bright yellow complexion…his hair nearly straight; is an excellent house servant and waiter, and unusually smart and intelligent for one of his color.”  Another advertises FIFTY DOLLARS REWARD for SYE.  “When he left home had a swollen face and a cut finger occasioned from an attack made by him on his overseer a few days before he absconded.  His wife is living in Washington City, with Mr. John Baker, who hires Continue reading


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This September 6, 1828 edition of The National Intelligencer (Washington D.C.) has a total of 5 slave ads. The first offers “FORTY DOLLARS REWARD” for “my Negro Woman, LETTY BROWN, taking with her, her two children, Bob and Dave…she is about 35 or 40 years of age.  Bob is about 7 years of age…and carries his head on one side.  Dave is about two years of age, of a yellow complexion…he has, also, a scar on the right or left arm, just above the elbow, occasioned by a burn which he received a few days before he was taken from my residence.  The said woman and her children were taken off on Sunday night…by a yellow man of George Calvert’s, living near Bladensburgh, who calls himself Tarlton Brown, and who owns her as his wife.” Continue reading



Deed1     deed5This 1914 deed is for the transfer of a house in Jefferson County, Kentucky.  While no address is given, the lot is listed (including deed book and page number).  This deed is through the Louisville Title Company.  The deed states that “said property shall never be sold or leased to any person or persons of African descent.” Parties involved

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DSC08963This 382 page book is in good condition for being 115 years old.  The author is Charles Carroll who claimed that blacks are more akin to apes than to human beings, and theorized that blacks had been the “tempters of Eve.” Carroll said that mulatto brutes were the rapists and murderers of his time (pp. 167, 191, 290-202) and that they should be killed. You will notice (in the photo) a red cloth bookmark; I’m not sure if it’s original, but it matches perfectly. The rebuttal to this book Is the Negro A Beast? was published in 1901 and is also in this collection (see “Racism” category).

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1901 “IS THE NEGRO A BEAST?” (rebuttal to “The Negro A Beast”)

 DSC08945Is the Negro a Beast?: A Reply to Chas. Carroll’s Book Entitled “The Negro A Beast”, Proving that the Negro is Human from Biblical, Scientific, and Historical Standpoints.  Written by William G. Schell, this book is a refutation of the scurrilous book The Negro A Beast or In the Image of God?, apparently popular in Southern US around the turn of the century, which attempted to justify the enslavement of those of African descent, since they “weren’t really human.”  The controversial book that this book is refuting is also available in this collection (see other post in the “Racism” category).

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DSC06594This typed letter was SIGNED by the infamous segregationist Governor George C. Wallace on June 5, 1964, while Governor of the State of Alabama.  In this anti-Civil Rights document, we such quotes as “…As you know I am currently running in Presidential Primaries throughout the country and already have received an overwhelming protest vote against the Civil Rights bill…I believe that the majority of the people of this country do not wish to see this bill passed…

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world geography2     worldgeography3   world geography1  In Chapter 5 titled “Patterns of Immigration”, this 2016 World Geography textbook from McGraw Hill says “The Atlantic Slave Trade between the 1500’s and 1800’s brought millions of workers from Africa to the southern United States to work on agricultural plantations.”  It also says “One of the defining attributes of the United States is that it is largely a country of immigrants and their descendants.  About 13 percent of people in the United States are foreign born, while Native Americans, Alaska Natives, and Native Hawaiians make up about 2 percent of the population.  The remaining population is descended from immigrants.”  Here is the story of how everything “hit the fan” when an African-American mother looked carefully at her son’s Continue reading

1949 “WHITE MAN OR NEGRO?” (Ad for movie “Lost Boundaries”)

white man or negroThis 1949 advertisement for the movie “Lost Boundaries” measures 10″x 6.5″ and appears to be for a theater in Alexandria, Virginia.  It says, “If he revealed his secret it would blast four lives wide open!!  So out-of-the-ordinary, you’ll HAVE TO SEE IT TO BELIEVE IT!”

Atlanta banned the film under a statute that allowed its censor to prohibit any film that might “adversely affect the peace, morals, and good order of the city”.  Memphis did so as well, with the head of the Board of Censors saying: “We don’t take that kind of picture here.” Continue reading

1828 Runaway: “…his sweetheart is a slave.”

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This May 1, 1828 edition of the National Intelligencer includes a runaway slave advertisement stating, “NEGRO LEWIS absconded from the employment of a neighboring farmer sometime in the month of January last, and has not been seen by his employer since. He is about 22 years of age, remarkably stout, and nearly six feet high. Lewis is a fine looking fellow, very cunning, and can look dull, heavy, or sprightly, when he pleases. He will no doubt obtain a forged pass, and make for Pennsylvania. I have been recently informed that his sweetheart is a slave, belonging to Continue reading

“We piccaninnies believe in the simple life and watermelon” STEREOVIEW

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This stereo view of a black girl with watermelon continues the odd pairing of black folk with watermelon.  It states, “Did you say watermelon was no good?  Give me liberty and watermelon!  Let the pampered epicure rave over a French ragout, a Chinese bird’s nest soup, or lobster  a la Newburg, we piccaninnies believe in the simple life and watermelon.  Give us a Continue reading

1965 & 1966 THUNDERBOLT NEWSPAPERS (National States Rights Party)

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These 1965 and 1966 Thunderbolt Newspapers are among the most severe of the racist material in this collection.  One article states, “If King comes marching through your town, get out in the streets with the old rebel yell and rebel flag.  He’ll go running out of town back to Atlanta.” Thunderbolt newspaper was mentioned during the trial of infamous Ku Klux Klansman Tommy Blanton.  Blanton was convicted Continue reading

“Nigger Head” Desert Vegetation Postcard

IMG_9684This 1940’s postcard features “Varieties of Desert Vegetation” including Spanish Bayonet, Joshua Tree, Agave, Palo Verde, and “Nigger Head”. Horticulturist P.A. Munz’s California Flora and California Desert Wildflowers (University of California Press, Berkeley, 1970) lists Niggerhead cactus as the accepted common name for Echinocactus polycephalus, a small barrel cactus native to California’s southern deserts. Continue reading

1821 Runaway Child “3 feet, four inches high” (total of 14 slave ads). Paper owned by John Quincy Adams

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This December 11, 1821 edition of the General Advertiser features 14 slave advertisements, 13 of them are runaway ads. Photos for all of them are listed below, but one of them involves a runaway child who is 3 feet four inches high. This newspaper was delivered to and owned by John Quincy Adams when he was Secretary of State in the James Monroe administration. His name “John Q Adams, Esq” is written (not by Adams) in the top left hand blank margin of the front page, and served as a sort of 19th century address label.

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This 1950’s pamphlet “Freedom, the South, and Nonviolence” was published by Fellowship of Reconciliation. It is a plea for funding to support those boycotting the buses in Montgomery, Alabama.  It states, “In the immediate present, it has been demonstrated dramatically by thousands of Negroes in Montgomery, Alabama, as they have trudged the streets of that city, and organized a complicated system of carpools, rather than submit any longer to segregation on the city’s buses.  India’s millions, led by Gandhi, and Montgomery’s thousands, led by twenty-six Negro clergymen, have demonstrated how nonviolent resistance operates at its best….Where such campaigns begin, send your own words of encouragement and support to its leaders.  Let them know that you understand their goals and their methods, and that you are praying for their success.  The knowledge that thousands of other Americans are with them can mean a great deal to men and women surrounded by hostility and Continue reading

1956 “NEGRO AND WHITE” (racist Christian desegregation brochure)”

negro and white1    negro and white7     This 1954 racist “Christian” desegregation brochure by John R. Rice is titled “Negro and White”.  In it, the author states (regarding the lynching of Emmett Till) “That colored boy, who attempted to…seduce the…white woman, was spurred on by widespread feeling, a cocky attitude agitators have cultivated among colored people.  Remember…a white woman dare not walk the streets alone at night or go anywhere alone at night because of the animosity and the standards of the large negro population….It makes for cases of murder and rape.  It makes for some…cases in which offended white men, even good men, take the law in their own hands.Continue reading


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This September 6th, 1825 edition of the National Intelligencer (in Washington DC) contains 3 particularly heartbreaking runaway slave ads.  The first is a “$100 DOLLARS REWARD” for BEN, and states “He can write a pretty good hand, and no doubt has copied the papers of some free man; and I have reason to believe he stole the Stafford County seal and attached the impression of it to his papers.  He carried with him three of his daughters, the property of my neighbor, Moses Kendall, and a Negro Man, the husband of one of Continue reading

1956 “MIXED SCHOOLS AND MIXED BLOOD” (Citizens’ Council, Miss)

mixed blood1     mixed blood2This 1956 brochure contains the speech “Mixed Schools and Mixed Blood” by Herbert Ravenel Sass.  It states “Herbert Ravel Sass, author, presents the fundamental case for the white South.  A native of Charleston, South Carolina, an independent, and an Episocpalian, Mr. Sass is imbued with a tradition which he believes is based on unchanging truth.  His argument goes to the very heart of the controversy: Would integrated schools lead to mixed blood?”

The brochure is published by The Educational Fund of the Citizens’ Councils of Greenwood, Mississippi.

1958 J.H. JACKSON (anti-civil rights) National Baptist Convention PIN

JH Jackson1The Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and 1960s was highly controversial in many black churches, where the minister preached spiritual salvation rather than political activism. The National Baptist Convention became deeply split; J.H. Jackson, President of the National Baptist Convention, had supported the Montgomery bus boycott of 1956, but by 1960 he told his denomination they should not become involved in civil rights activism.  Jackson’s vocal stance for “civil rights through law and order” went in direct opposition to the methods of civil disobedience advocated by King.

A group led by Gardner C. Taylor including Martin Luther King, Sr and Jr.; Ralph David Continue reading


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This 1956 pamphlet titled “Interposition, the Barrier Against Tyranny” is a speech of Representative John Bell Williams (D-Miss.) in the United States House of Representatives on January 25, 1956.  Interposition refers to the right of the states to protect their interests from federal violation deemed by those states to be dangerous or unconstitutional. Citizens’ Councils (which were considered a more civilized version of the Ku Klux Klan) famously defended segregation (and before that slavery) by teaching “Interposition and Nullification”.

This brochure was printed by the Association of Citizens’ Councils of Mississippi in Greenwood, Mississippi.

1964 GERALD L.K. SMITH RALLY FLYER (anti-semitic and racist)

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This 1964 “National Rally” flyer advertises Gerald L.K. Smith speaking at the Large Embassy Auditorium at 9th and Grand in Los Angeles, California on April 30th, 1964.  On the flyer it states that he will discuss “The significance of Governor Wallace of Alabama, who is rapidly becoming a white man’s champion.  Will the Negro become America’s ‘sacred cow’? Will the Jewish politicians and their ilk be able to combine minorities for political victory in such a way as to enslave and abuse the great white Christian majority of America?


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1954 “Black Monday” brochure is the printed version of a speech by Judge Tom P. Brady (of the Fourteenth Circuit Court District Brookhaven, Miss) denouncing the 1954 Landmark Brown vs. Board of Education desegregation decision.  This brochure was published by the Mississippi Citizens’ Council.  Note the quote, “We do know the negro has, in certain instances, elliptical blood cells, which cause disease.  We do know that his skull is one-eighth inch thicker…”


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Two Fayette County, Alabama Democratic ballots from 1941 and 1956.  Note the logo of the chicken and the “WHITE SUPREMACY….FOR THE RIGHT” banner used by the Democratic Party at the time. The official overtly racist logo of the Alabama Democratic Party was adopted in 1904 and not replaced until 1966.

The 1956 ballot shows the notorious Eugene Bull Connor as candidate for “Delegate to National Democratic Convention”. Bull Connor famously used firehoses and police dogs on men, women, and children protesters during the famed Birmingham demonstrations of 1963.

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Letter from Emmett Till’s Mother

mamie-till-mobleyOther than photos of my wife and children, this is perhaps my most meaningful possession.  When I learned of the murder of Emmett Till (which many historians cite as the unofficial beginning of the Civil Rights Movement), I was devastated in an unhealthy way. Even to this day, I have never stopped thinking about Emmett and the men who were never brought to justice…even though he was murdered many years before I was born. I poured-out my heart in a letter to his mother, Mamie Till-Mobley expressing the burden I had about her son’s death. In the letter, I committed to telling others about Emmett. Receiving this response from Mrs. Till-Mobley did more for me than words can express. She passed away in 2003.



An undeniable sign of the times, this 1970 board game “Blacks & Whites” says (on the bottom cover) “Experience the ghetto.  Live on welfare.  Try to buy in a white suburb.  Your challenge: To keep the land-hungry majority type from winning the game cheaply and quickly.”  It also says “…if Black players turn the tide against white advantages–a kind of irrepressible excitement takes over the board.” Continue reading



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COMPLETE newspaper, the Dallas Morning News dated Sept 5, 1957.  Front page headline and famous photo of Elizabeth Eckford and Hazel Bryan Massery.  One of the most infamous photos of the Civil Rights Movement, it came to symbolize the vehement (and sometimes violent) rejection of  integrated schooling by whites.  Eckford was one of the “Little Rock Nine” who integrated Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas after the President sent the 101st Airborne to escort the nine African American children into the school (after the Governor of Arkansas called out the Arkansas National Guard to prevent their entry).  Click here to see autograph of Hazel Bryan Massery. Newspaper was Continue reading


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This is a large realty investment document dated for April 1928, for the purchase of a house in Bannock County, Pocatello, Idaho.  The document shows age discoloration and has been folded in quarters, still in nice shape.  There is a notation at the bottom of the document that the buyer of the property agrees to never sell the lot or assign the contract to a Negro, Chinaman, or Japanese.  There appear to be 5 signatures, including the Notary Public and the Ex-Officio Recorder. Continue reading


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This segregationist leaflet was distributed by “The Defenders” of Richmond, Virginia.  It depicts U.S. soldiers “forcing” integration on school children.  Approximately 4″x4″ on light card stock.  Based on the date of Sep 26, 1957, this leaflet is assuredly based on President Eisenhower ordering the 101st Airborne to excort the “Little Rock Nine” to Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas (an all-white school) after Governor Faubus order the National Guard to keep the black children out of the school.  The leaflet credits the “Union Leader” newspaper of Manchester, NH as the  original source for the cartoon.

1977 “RAY CAUGHT” (again)

raycaught1This is the June 13, 1977 edition of the Daily News.

James Earl Ray (March 10, 1928 – April 23, 1998) was an American fugitive and felon convicted of assassinating Martin Luther King Jr. on April 4, 1968, in Memphis, Tennessee. On June 8, 1968, two months after King’s death, Ray was arrested at London Heathrow Airport attempting to leave the United Kingdom for Brussels on a false Canadian passport. At the airport, officials noticed that Ray carried another passport under a second name. The UK quickly extradited Ray to Tennessee, where he was charged with King’s murder. He confessed to the crime on March 10, 1969, his 41st birthday, and after pleading guilty he was sentenced to 99 years in prison. On June 10, 1977, Ray and six other convicts escaped from Brushy Mountain State Penitentiary in Petros, Tennessee. They were recaptured on June 13. A year was added to Ray’s previous sentence, increasing it to 100 years.

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6 Railroad Passes for “Colored Laborer/Brakeman”

DSC08634This is a set of 6 railroad passes–5 for “John Williams and wife” (it says he was a “colored brakeman” for the Missouri Pacific) and 1 railroad pass for Isaac M. Feygans (it says “colored laborer”). The word “colored” is next to the names. They are dated 1919, 1923, 1926 (2), 1928, and 1930.  5 passes are for the Missouri Pacific Railroad Company and 1 is for the Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad Company Line.  Notice on the front of the Feygans pass it does not permit blacks to ride on trains 1 and 2 (white only service) or visit the lounge car on trains 11 and 12 (whites only service) or use ANY sleeping car accomodations (similar racial restrictions on all of the passes).  5 passes (for the Williams family) are encased in a glass frame; it would be easy to open this frame and remove them if necessary.  The 6th pass is separate and not framed.

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DSC00635Alabama Sheriff Jim Clark at MicrophoneThis hard-to-find segregationist pin was worn by Southern Whites to protest an end to segregation (“Never Integrate”).  In the 1960’s, violent and racist Sheriff Jim Clark (of Selma, Alabama) was always seen wearing his gun, billy club (to electrically shock nonviolent demonstrators), and this pin. Note the manufacturer name, symbol, and unusual stamp (on the inside) of pin.  Continue reading


DSC08620The heading of this postcard states “Martin Luther King at Communist Training school.” ON BACK: “Lower left, arms folded, is Abner W. Berry of the Central Communist Party.  To King’s right, Aubrey Williams, pres. of the communist front SCEF, and Myles Horton, dir. Highlander Folk School for communist training at Monteagle, Tenn.  Picture taken by secret counteragent during Red Workshop in race agitation.

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DSC06681 DSC06684Another disgusting example of an alligator eating, or trying to eat, black children (see other similar items in the collection).  The tale of the alligator is a letter opener; by pulling the head of the African-American child out of the alligator’s mouth, a pencil is revealed.  The tail advertises the “Los Angeles Alligator Farm”.  So much for the South having a monopoly on racism. Continue reading


DSC06425Made in Germany in the first quarter of the 20th century, it contains a black mask.  Instructions on the cover are in German, French, and English.  The English directions are as follows: “The Nigger Cap.  New.  Great surprise.  Wonderful effect.  It is possible to become a Nigger in half a minute, and then quickly a white man again.  The Nigger cap, which is made of light black tricot, is simply drawn over the head, the end pushed under the collar and the Nigger is ready.  If in company, one should bend down under the table a moment and draw the cap on, or one goes out of the room and comes back a Nigger, to the great astonishment of everyone present.  Great joke.  Patented.  Enormous success.”  Cap is in the package, unused.

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1963 “MOBS…DEFY DOGS, FIRE HOSES” (Birmingham, AL)

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Anyone who knows elementary Civil Rights history knows about the police dogs and fire hoses that were used against demonstrators in Birmingham, Alabama.  This May 5, 1963 edition of The Montgomery Advertiser shows the fascinatingly DIFFERENT perspective of the mainstream media in Alabama with documenting the event; the demonstrators are depicted as a “mob” and a “taunting crowd” who “challenged police officials to use the water hoses and leashed dogs.” Note Rev. James Bevel (they misspelled his name) in front page photo Continue reading

1955-1960 Emmett Till Collection

Jet-Magazine-15sep55Many historians say that it was seeing the photos of Emmett Till’s mutilated body in THIS ISSUE (Sept 15, 1955) of Jet Magazine that sparked the Civil Rights Movement.  In fact, Rosa Parks’ refusing to give her seat to a white man occurred 95 days after Till’s death. The other 5 Jet Magazines in this collection show cover stories relating to Till’s death: “Will Mississippi Whitewash the Emmett Till Slaying?, Emmett Till’s Ghost Haunts Natchez, Where is Third Man in Till Lynching? How the Emmett Till Case Changed 5 Lives, Emmett Till’s Mother Starts a New Life.”  Continue reading


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This program was handed-out at the silver anniversary Oklahoma Conference of Branches, NAACP on November 17 and 18th 1955.  The legendary T.M.R. Howard and Thurgood Marshall were the featured speakers.  The theme was “INTEGRATION”.

Howard moved into the national limelight as never before after the murder of Emmett Till in August 1955 and the trial of his killers, J. W. Milam and Roy Bryant in September. He delivered “[o]ne of the earliest and loudest denunciations of Till’s murder,” saying that if “the slaughtering of Negroes is allowed to continue, Mississippi will have a civil war. Negroes are only going to take so much.” He was also heavily involved in the search for evidence and gave over his home to be a “black command center” for witnesses Continue reading


DSC08951 DSC08955This 1907 book The Negro, A Menace to American Civilization, was written by Robert Wilson Shufeldt who was a Major in the Medical Department of the U.S. Army. From the book:It takes a negro to assault a pretty and winsome little girl less than four years of age….It is scarcely necessary for me to say, that I am morally opposed to all forms of lynch law, but the negro is with us ; savagery and barbarous acts beget savagery and barbarous acts….Lynchings, in spite of everything, will continue to occur in the United States of America just so long as there is a negro left here alive, and there is a white woman living for him to assault. He can no more help his instincts than he is responsible for the color of his skin.”  Note the lynching photos.   Continue reading


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I have never seen another Hazel Bryan Massery autograph.  Massery was the infamous white teenager captured on the front page of newspapers around the world (click here to see original front page newspaper offered in this collection) on September 04, 1957 when she verbally assaulted Elizabeth Eckford, an African-American, who was trying to enter Central High School (an all-white school) in Little Rock, Arkansas. Continue reading

1927 “Coon In Barrel” Game

IMG_5871This is a 1927 advertisement from page 592 of the “Shure” catalogue.  It reads “Coon-in-Barrel” is a new, novel and unique device that is a whirl wind crowd gatherer.  The barrel is the same size as an ordinary barrel, flat front with a large on the outside.  Hit the target and up comes the coon, hit the coon and knock him back in the barrelContinue reading


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The Church and the Negro, A Discussion of Mormons, Negroes and the Priesthood by John Lewis Lund, copyright 1967, third printing 1968.  From the dust jacket it says the book “openly and frankly discusses and documents the Mormon position concerning the Negro.  “In regard to inter-marriage with the Negro…God does not approve!” Continue reading

SIEGE OF 1ST BAPTIST CHURCH (3000 whites try to burn MLK in church)

DSC08595  DSC08596This is the May 22, 1961 edition of The Mexia (Texas) Daily News with the headline “700 U.S. MARSHALS SENT TO ALABAMA.”  On May 21, 1961, First Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama was a refuge for the passengers on the Freedom ride which met with violence at the Greyhound Bus Station in downtown Montgomery. The church was filled with some 1500 worshipers and activists, including Martin Luther King, Jr., Fred Shuttlesworth, Diane Nash, and James Farmer. The building was besieged by 3000 whites who threatened to burn it Continue reading


DSC00700This alarmist book by Kenneth Goth concludes that “…the colored races of the whole world are being united under the banner of atheistic hell-inspired Communism“.  It also notes that “In schools our young white girls are being forced to dance with Negro boys.”  Note the photo of “wild jungle sex orgies that go on each night…between Negroes and Whites”.

Book is published by Soldiers of the Cross and is 76 pages. Continue reading



This is a fascinating book written by Wynetta Willis Martin about her experiences as the first African-American in the famous Mormon Tabernacle Choir.  She staunchly supports the LDS church even though, at the time of her autobiographical account, the Mormon Church would not allow African-Americans to become priests.  The latter part of the book includes the chapter “Why Can’t the Negro Hold the Priesthood” by John D. Hawkes.  The “Forward” (see photo) is written by Odgen Mayor Bart Wolthuis. Five newspaper articles written about Ms. Martin are included in the book (see photos). Continue reading


DSC08838This is an extremely intriguing letter because of its reference to bombings.  The letter from US Attorney General Herbert Brownell, Jr. is addressed to James E. Folsom, Governor of Alabama and is in response to the Governor’s letter to the President of the United States.  The Governor was apparently asking for help from the Federal government, specifically, the FBI and Department of Justice.  The 50’s and 60’s were a period of racial upheaval, with Montgomery, Alabama being a major focal point of the Civil Rights Movement.


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DSC00679This advertisement is not dated, but it is VERY old.  It shows racist caricatures of African-Americans stealing and shooting each other.  Text at the bottom describes the scene and in one portion says “…(he) was drowned in tears at the thought of not being able to shoot two darkey thieves.  But as the well filled with tears he came to the top and discovered one dead nigger…”  The ad suggests Barker’s Liniment for the aches and pains of the farmer after the incident.  Browned, a few small tears and chips to the edges, printing on rear, fragile.  Overall size is approximately 9″ x 6″.

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DSC00647This 1966 brochure from the Louisiana Citizens’ Council is titled “Why We Are Expanding” and says “Questions and answers for the white people of South Louisiana who sincerely believe that States’ Rights and racial segregation must be preserved for the peace and good order of our county and for our children’s futures!”  Also says “The Citizens’ Council movement is the only nationwide organization dedicated to preserving the integrity of the white race!”  The brochure states (inside) that its aim is to “reverse the “Black Monday” decision of 1954 and repeal the mis-named “Civil Rights” Act of 1964.”  It also invites the reader to attend a meeting on October 18, 1966 in New Orleans.

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3 Poll Tax Receipts 1923, 1928, and 1958

DSC08877In U.S. practice, a poll tax was used as a de facto or implicit pre-condition of the exercise of the ability to vote. This tax emerged in some states of the United States in the late 19th century as part of the Jim Crow laws. After the ability to vote was extended to all races by the enactment of the Fifteenth Amendment, many Southern states enacted poll tax laws as a means of restricting black voters; such laws often included a grandfather clause, which allowed any adult male whose father or grandfather had voted in a specific year prior to the abolition of slavery to vote without paying the tax. These laws, along with unfairly implemented literacy tests and extra-legal intimidation, achieved the desired effect of disfranchising African-American and Native American voters, as well as poor whites.

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DSC08675This is a tangible part of what so many fought, bled, and died for…to change THESE humiliating ordinances. This is an original HEAVY hardcover book “THE CODE OF THE CITY OF BIRMINGHAM”.  Includes ordinances such as “Negroes Not To Game With Whites,” “Negroes Separated From Whites In Restaurants,” “Negroes Separated From Whites on Street Cars,” and “White Children Not To Be Carried To Negro Homes.”  Code shows monetary penalties, imprisonment, and hard labor for violating these ordinances.

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DSC00692This article from the November 1907 issue of “The Metropolitan Magazine” is written by a Senator from Mississippi, John Sharp Williams.  The article is 15 pages (about 8″ x 10″ in size) and has several full page photos.  In the article titled “The Negro and the South” Williams writes “The darky complains a good deal…They are here, and they are going to remain here so long as there is  a cotton-field in sight…Some people talk as if the repeal of the fifteenth amendment would get rid of darkiesNegro women are poor mothers–careless and unintelligent.”

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DSC08994This May 2nd, 2001 mint condition copy of The Birmingham News has the cover story “BLANTON GUILTY” which details the conviction of Ku Klux Klansman Thomas E. Blanton who bombed the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama, killing 4 little girls, on September of 1963.  Subtitle says, “Prosecutor: ‘Justice Delayed Is Still Justice'”.

I obtained this newspaper after flying to Birmingham, Alabama to witness this historic trial.  While only there a few days, I was blessed to be there for the rendering of the verdict of “Guilty”; an unforgettable moment. Continue reading



“Darkie Toothpaste” shows one of the more obvious caricatures of the grinning, wide-eyed African-American.  Toothpaste bottle and box are from Japan.

Darkie is a toothpaste brand of Hawley & Hazel Chemical Company. Established in Shanghai in 1933 and later based in Hong Kong and Taiwan, Hawley & Hazel was acquired in 1985 by the US corporation Colgate-Palmolive, although the product is not marketed by Colgate-Palmolive Continue reading


DSC08850Governor Orval E. Faubus was the Governor who called out the National Guard to block nine African-American children from entering Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas.  Typed Letter Signed as Governor, on colored State of Arkansas Letterhead, January 10, 1958.  Faubus makes reference to the challenge of integration in the letter by stating (after referencing “Pledge to the South”) “I am most grateful for your thoughtfulness and understanding of our situation.”  Boldly signed in black ink.


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DSC06432This metal token from the 1940’s says “Finder will receive deed to one seashore building lot high and dry title guaranteed $37.50.  No other expense.  Finder, return this coin within 96 hours to Cedar Lakes Inc. 729 7th Ave at 49th Street NYC. WHITE RACE ONLY“.  This was issued in the 1940’s as land promotion.



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This May 28, 1961 headline from The Mexia (Texas) Daily News says “RIDERS REMAIN IN JAIL RATHER THAN PAY FINES.”  Right under the headline is an article with the title “Kennedy says Negro Could Be President Within 30-40 Years.”  The Freedom Riders challenged the status quo by riding interstate buses in the South in mixed racial groups to challenge local laws or customs that enforced segregation in seating. The Freedom Rides, and the violent reactions they provoked, bolstered Continue reading


DSC08578This is a collection of 10 items relating to the Million Man March on October 16, 1995.  This mint condition collection includes the following:DSC08934

–The original poster advertising the event
–An “I Was There” pennant
–3 “Final Call” newspapers advertising the MMM, 1 “Final Call” chronicling the event after it concluded, and 3 newspapers reporting the MMM the next day (New York Times, Rocky Mtn News, and USA Today).
–The official book that was released (see the table of contents which shows sections including “Spiritual and Historical Significance”, “Home Training Units”, and “interviews and Comments”).

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KKK Magazine “Night Riders” about Viola Liuzzo murder

DSC06602Possibly the most representative example of Klan propaganda, this may be the worst and most disgusting of the publications by the Klan/Citizens’ Councils.  Exploiting the murder of Viola Liuzzo, (a true hero of the Civil Rights Movement) by putting her body on the cover of their Klan “Night Riders” magazine as a trophy of their murderous efforts is about as low as it gets.

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A rare gem, “A First Step Toward School Integration” is a pamphlet from the Congress on Racial Equality (CORE).  Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. states at the beginning of the Foreward, “Can the method of non-violence that erased the color line in Montgomery’s buses be applied effectively to schools?  This pamphlet seeks an answer to that question, so urgent in southern communities where the Supreme Court decision of 1954 is not yet accepted.

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1954 SEGREGATION RULED OUT (Atlanta Journal)

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Cover story of the Landmark 1954 Brown versus Board of Education Decision in the May 17, 1954 Atlanta Journal.  Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, 347 U.S. 483 (1954), was a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional. Continue reading


DSC08970One of the fine jewels of this black history collection is this original LIFE Magazine (in great condition) showing the cover story of the Central High Crisis with signatures from eight of the Little Rock Nine (Carlotta Ray Karlmark refused to sign and has moved to Sweden).

The Little Rock Nine were a group of African American students enrolled in previously all-white Little Rock Central High School in 1957. Their enrollment was followed by the Little Rock Crisis, in which the students were initially prevented from entering the racially segregated school by Orval Faubus, the Governor of Arkansas. They then attended after the intervention of President Dwight D. Eisenhower

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DSC08861 DSC08863 DSC08862This racist brochure from the 1960’s shows a Confederate flag on the cover and contains a list of 19 inflammatory race-based events that are intended as a “call to action” for the white man with an invitation May 1st to attend a meeting.  It mentions that “War has been declared upon an entire generation of little white children who are fighting for their lives, their right to decency, and their heritage of Christian civilization.  Little white girls are bearing the brunt of this savage assault.  Their existence or destruction depends upon the manhood of their race.  That is you.”  Continue reading


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Violence and threats of violence against people of color threatened to keep them from voting.  This booklet was created in an effort to reduce fear and discouragement among African-Americans contemplating the vote.  Notice the photo caption that says “Most persons register without major difficulty.”  Nicely illustrated booklet, 22 pages, The Right To Vote by James McCain, Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), 1962.  A phenomenal artifact demonstrating one of the strategies incorporated to persuade African-Americans to vote.  Fine Condition.

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DSC06360This 1966 anti-Civil Rights newsletter is titled “RACIAL VIOLENCE AND HATRED” and is ironically from “Americans for Civil Harmony.”  In it, it attributes the fight for equality and civil rights to a communist plot.  It links Dr. King with illegal liquor sales and “promiscuous lewdness”; it identifies  several of his aides as “sex perverts” and “identified communists“.  It relies heavily on “perceptive critic”: J. Edgar Hoover.  This newsletter was part of the FBI propaganda campaign to discredit the Civil Rights Movement.  Like new condition.

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DSC08803 DSC08804This October 21, 1962 edition of The Montgomery Advertiser has a headline of “Plea For State Militia By Wallace Expected” and includes the article “King Plans New Drive In Alabama“.  This article mentions the success of the Montgomery Bus Boycott and says that Martin Luther King “plans to recruit a nonviolent army to fight segregation in Alabama where his passive resistance move started 7 years ago“. The article titled “U of A Integration Aim Spurs Move, Sources Hint” says “Incoming Governor George C. Wallace is expected to take steps to create a state militia in the wake of an announced integration attempt at the University of Alabama.”


DSC08796 DSC08799This is the September 2, 1965 edition of the “Birmingham Independent”, a racist newsletter.  The cover story is about J. Edgar Hoover.  Articles include this astounding passage “Birmingham was a fine, cheerful city.  The Negroes were happy.  King and his cohorts moved in, and with some local agitators began stirring up bad feelings and convincing the Negroes that they were not happy at all….He actually preferred that (demands) were not met because this was a cheaper way to promote propaganda to feed his innocent victims on hatred.  What followed…were riots, racial disturbances, and the death of four Negro children” Continue reading


dsc08789This is a February 20, 1966 edition of “The Councilor“, an anti-integration newsletter published in Shreveport, Louisiana.  Articles include “‘Stab-Ins’ Planned As New Civil Rights Terror Campaign“, “Post Office Hiring Now Discriminates Against Whites”, and “Louisiana Race-Mixers Are Under Severe Fire From Aroused Public”.  Name of addressee and PO Box address is clearly printed on newsletter.

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2 NEW SOUTH Magazines, 1958 and 1963

DSC08553December 1958 and May 1963 issues of “New South Magazine”.  All articles are concerning segregation.  Each magazine is 16 pages.

The best and most valuable part is a chart showing a CHRONOLOGICAL LISTING OF SOUTHERN BOMBINGS from January 1, 1956 to June 1st 1963 (59 of them).  See the photo of the listing of bombings; amazing detail (many names of who was bombed or whether they were white integrationists, pastors, etc.).


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DSC08778 DSC08771This May 31, 1963 edition of The Montgomery Advertiser has a cover story that says “Leader Says Klan Won’t Attend Mix“.  This story quotes Imperial Wizard of the United Klans of America Robert M. Shelton, who says that the KKK will not attend the integration of the all-white University of Alabama by Vivian J. Malone (African-American) and states “The Klan Continue reading

1966 “…thousands of Negroes will vote for the first time” (1st election post-1965 Voting Rights Act)

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This May 2, 1966 edition of The Birmingham News has cover story of U.S. Observers Sent to Black Belt with the larger title on the page reading “Alabama in Spotlight As Six States to Vote.” Other cover stories: “Millions will go to polls“, “Impact of ’65 Voting Rights Act to be felt“, “All in line can vote if identified”.  Click “Continue Reading” for full-page insert advertising Wallace for Governor. Continue reading



One of the most interesting confidants in Martin Luther King’s inner circle was Bayard Rustin.  When J. Edgar Hoover began a smear campaign to discredit Rustin based on his homosexuality (and therefore attempt to discredit the Civil Rights Movement), Dr. King distanced himself from him. To avoid attacks based on his sexual orientation, Rustin served rarely as a public spokesperson; he usually acted as an influential adviser to civil-rights leaders.  Bayard Rustin was a leading activist of the early 1947–1955 Civil-Rights Movement. He organized the first of the Freedom Rides (1947) to challenge racial segregation on interstate busing Continue reading


DSC08767 DSC08768Interestingly, this May 29, 1963 edition of The Birmingham Post-Herald erroneously shows a date of MAY 29, 1863 (100 YEARS EARLIER) and includes an article titled “Fort Sumter, 1963, Seems Near At Hand“.  It talks about Governor Faubus (Arkansas) yielding to the Federal Government over integration, Governor Ross (Mississippi) yielding, and wonders if Governor Wallace (Alabama) will stand his ground and not allow James Meredith (an African-American) to enter the all-white University of Alabama. It The newspaper also has an article titled “Harlem Negroes Impatient, Angry, Tired of Platitudes“,



This 4 page political booklet is titled “More Civil Rights Double-Talk and More Goose Eggs”.  It was distributed by the Republican Congressional Committee in 1952 on behalf of Senator H. Alexander Smith.  The 4 page booklet is white (though discolored by age) with red and black print.  It includes political cartoons and photos of Eisenhower, Nixon, and Smith.  The content of the booklet details Republican proposals for Civil Rights issues” and highlights the Democratic party’s push for “White Supremacy”.  The booklet is not torn and other than slightly aged, is in mint condition. Continue reading



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The A. G. Gaston Motel is a former motel located at 1510 5th Avenue North, now part of Birmingham’s “Civil Rights District”. It was constructed in 1954 by businessman A. G. Gaston to provide higher-class service to black visitors during the city’s decades of strictly-segregated business and recreation. It would become Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s headquarters for Birmingham’s “Project C” leading to the 1964 Civil Rights Act. Continue reading


DSC08763 DSC08764This May 28, 1963 edition of The Birmingham Post-Herald shows a cover story of “Wallace’s Complaint Rejected“.  Other stories include “Negro Maid Given Papers By Marshals“, “Schoolhouse Door Plan of Wallace Is Outlined” (this describes in detail how the Governor intends to defy the U.S. Marshals who will attempt to enroll the first African-American), “Desegregation Proposals Coming” which states “unless all signs fail, another filibuster by Conservative Southern Democrats is likely to greet any new civil rights measures in the Senate.”  Other articles include “RFK Urges Theater Men To End (Negro) Ban” and “Troop Action By President Ruled Valid“. Continue reading


DSC08805DSC08806This is the famous and historic headline from the October 2, 1962 edition of The New York Times reporting THE END OF SEGREGATION IN MISSISSIPPI when James Meredith integrated the all-white University of Alabama.  White segregationists from around the state joined students and locals in a violent, 15-hour riot on the campus on September 30, in which two people were killed execution style, hundreds were wounded, and six federal marshals were shot. The headline reads “3,000 TROOPS PUT DOWN MISSISSIPPI RIOTS AND ARREST 112 AS NEGRO BEGINS CLASSES”.  A photo of The New York Times coverage of this event is included in Taylor Branch’s Pulitzer Prize winning masterpiece Parting the WatersOther articles include “Soldiers Beaten; Homes Damaged”, “Campus a Bivouac As Negro Enters”, and “Mobs Armed With Bottles and Bricks Terrorized Oxford From Dawn Until Noon” Continue reading


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This May 14, 1963 edition of The Montgomery Advertiser has the cover story “Wallace Hints Court Order To Oust Troops” with subtitle “Governor Insists Military Units In Alabama Illegally“.  A unique article “King Preaches His Doctrine In Pool Halls, On Sidewalks“, describes the effort of the SCLC to protect the Civil Rights Movement from violence by preaching nonviolence even in the most unlikely places (and even collecting knives while doing so! Continue reading


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This May 10th, 1963 edition of The Montgomery Advertiser  shows the headline “King Says Agreement Reached On Demands“.  Subtitle says “Birmingham Truce Still In Effect“.  Another interesting cover story says “Wires Praise, Attack Wallace On Racial Issue At Birmingham” and quotes from disapproving Connecticut Governor John Dempsey (whom Wallace tells to “mind his own business” and quotes from supportive Mississippi Governor Ross Barnett.  Inside the paper is a very interesting article is titled “Pep Rallies Heartbeat of Birmingham’s Negro Movement“.  This last article is a surprisingly neutral observation from a reporter inside a local church rally who notes that “It’s there that they receive the spiritual push necessary to face police, firemen and jail.” Continue reading


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Vernon Johns (April 22, 1892 – June 11, 1965) is considered by some as the father of the American Civil Rights Movement, having laid the foundation on which Martin Luther King, Jr. and others would build. Johns was a courageous and vocal opponent of segregation.  In 1926, he was the first African-American to have his work published in Best Sermons of the Year; this was a personal triumph for Johns as he had repeatedly submitted sermons for consideration in previous years Continue reading

Diane Nash Autograph (8×10)

diane nash 1  Diane Nash was part of the first successful lunch counter sit-in, she was a freedom rider, she co-founded the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), and was involved in the Selma voting rights movement. Ms. Nash was jailed many times for the cause of civil rights and spent time in jail while she was pregnant with her first child; her crime was teaching nonviolent tactics to children.  Few civil rights leaders were as militant as Diane Nash.   When violence stopped the first Freedom Ride in Alabama, Diane Nash was insistent that the rides continue. “The students have decided that we can’t let violence overcome,” she told civil rights legend Rev. Fred Shuttlesworth, “We are coming into Birmingham to continue the Freedom Ride.” She later led all the rides from Birmingham to Jackson in 1961.


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This Tuskegee Airmen book Lonely Eagles is signed by 6 Tuskegee Airmen, with at least 2 of them identifying themselves as being part of the famed 99th Fighter Squadron.  The Tuskegee Airmen were the first African-American military aviators in the United States armed forces. During World War II, Black Americans in many U.S. states were still subject to the Jim Crow laws and the American military was racially segregated Continue reading


DSC09420This is an outstanding biography of the greatest hero (in my opinion) of the American Civil Rights Movement: Rev. FRED SHUTTLESWORTH.  It is also signed by the author, Doug Ervin.  Book and dustjacket are in mint condition. Read the back cover (see photo) to see why this man matters. Our country lost an amazing General of the Civil Rights Movement when Shuttlesworth graduated to heaven in 2011.

Shuttlesworth was whipped with a chain for trying to enroll his children in a white school. He advertised that he was going to do it and knew he was going to suffer for it (his wife was also stabbed during the effort). His home was bombed with 16 sticks of dynamite by the KKK and he miraculously survived. Shuttlesworth invited Martin Luther King to Birmingham resulting in the climax of the Birmingham Civil Rights Movement. As a result, the 1964 Civil Rights Act can be attributed initially to HIS efforts.

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1958 MONTGOMERY STORY COMIC (Fellowship of Reconciliation)

DSC08914This booklet titled “MARTIN LUTHER KING AND THE MONTGOMERY STORY” was published by the Fellowship of Reconciliation and sold for ten cents.  The subtitle says, “How 50,000 Negroes found a new way to end racial discrimination.”

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Martin Luther King’s relationship with the Fellowship of Reconciliation (FOR) began during the Montgomery bus boycott, when FOR veteran Bayard Rustin Continue reading


DSC06412 jamesreeb2200woptThese two signs advertised “ONeil Resturant” in Selma, Alabama in the 1990’s.  Oneil Hoggle was one of 4 segregationists wrongfully acquitted by an all-white jury of killing Civil Rights supporter Reverend James Reeb.  Oneal Hoggle later opened a used car dealership (still open) and the restaurant; I believe the restaurant no longer exists.  These signs are made of thick, dark green plastic. Continue reading

James Lawson and Bernard LaFayette Autographs (8×10)


James Lawson (the man in the middle) is probably the most significant Civil Rights legend still living. He met Dr. King in 1955 (right after the Montgomery Bus Boycott) and is a huge reason why Dr. King pursued his nonviolent philosophy. Rev. Lawson is the man who personally trained the other civil rights legends such as John Lewis, Diane Nash, Bernard Lafayette, Jesse Jackson, Marion Barry, etc. James Lawson is also responsible for inviting Dr. King to Memphis to help the sanitation workers. Shockingly, Rev. Lawson was so convinced that James Earl Ray did not assassinate Dr. King that he officiated a wedding for James Earl Ray in the prison.Bernard LaFayette (on the right) participated in the Sit-ins, the Freedom Rides, and was part of Dr. King’s inner circle. He told me that he still has his key from his room at the Lorraine Motel. His was Room 206, the room directly below Dr. King’s room (306) where Dr. King was assassinated.


DSC08543This is a collection of 7 items from the 1977 groundbreaking miniseries “Roots”.  It includes the following:

  • –TV Guide (Jan 22-28 1977)
  • –Vinyl LP (still in shrinkwrap)
  • –Jet Magazine (January 27, 1977)
  • –Music Book (all about the music of “Roots”), includes poster (see photo of Kunta Kinte raising child to the heavens)
  • –Time Magazine (February 14, 1977), signed by Levar Burton
  • –Large publicity still from rebroadcast (Ed Asner and Levar Burton)
  • –Roots Magazine

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111 JET MAGAZINES FROM 1950’s & 1960’s

DSC00660This huge lot of 111 Jet Magazines is a fascinating time capsule taking you into all of the issues of the Black community before and during the Civil Rights Movement.  Note some of the cover stories: “BOYCOTT EXCLUSIVE: What’s Happening In Montgomery?, Will Bombs Keep Integration Out of Alabama?, Tenn. Negroes Who Must Vote In Tents Because They Voted, Will the Bates Be Forced To Quit Little Rock?, Parents: Unsung Heroes In School Integration Crisis, The Woman Who Tried To Kill King, The Girl Who Upset Alabama (Arthurine Lucy), Ambush Shooting of Meredith, Muhammad Ali’s Draft Dispute Continue reading


DSC08864 DSC08865This 1956 Advertisement is a double-sided card intended for distribution within the black community.  On one side it lists all of Eisenhower’s desegregation accomplishments that have benefitted African-Americans; the other side claims that Stevenson is a “fence-sitter”.

It shows that under Eisenhower…

No more segregation in Washington D.C.–Hotels, Restaurants, and Schools, over 300 jobs for Negroes paying $6,000-$17,500 per year, no more segregation in Veterans Hospitals, no more separate water fountains or rest rooms in Navy shipyards, no more segregation in the Armed Forces.”



This is a rare 1st Edition SIGNED copy of Daisy Bates’ autobiography The Long Shadow of Little Rock.  Just 5 years after the Little Rock Crisis, she writes “Especially for a freedom fighter.  May God keep you.  Daisy Bates Nov. 6, 1926 (she obviously meant 1962).  Ms. Bates passed away in 1999.  After the nine black students were selected to attend all-white Central High, Mrs. Daisy Bates would be with Continue reading


DSC06345aThis is a Frank G. Abell calling card for his famous photography business.  It shows a black man stealing watermelons with a dog attached to his rear, while a white man with a shotgun chases him.  It says, “Which will let go first, the dog or the darkey?” Born in Illinois in 1844, Frank G. Abell opened his first gallery on his own, Abell’s Star Gallery, in Stockton in 1866. Moving back to San Francisco the following year, he then gradually worked his way north, through Grass Valley, Red Bluff, and and Yreka, arriving in Roseburg, Oregon in 1877.  From 1878 to 1888 he was based in Portland, and after a few years back in San Francisco, he continued in Portland from 1897 to 1907. Known primarily for his studio portraits, his gallery in Continue reading


DSC08742DSC08741Albany was considered Martin Luther King’s only failure in the Civil Rights Movement (thanks to Police Chief Laurie Prichett, who studied the mistakes of King’s previous adversaries).  See below for a brief history of the Albany Movement.  This June 20, 1963 edition of The Atlanta Constitution has the headline “President’s Rights Bill Assailed by Georgians“.  It has the subtitle “Kennedy Blueprints Broad Plan“.  One cover article states “Marchers Hurl Rocks In Albany” (with quotes from infamous Police Chief Laurie Prichett).  The title of a very interesting Opp/Ed piece “The Civil Rights Controversy Continues Uppermost in the Minds of the Readers” reflects the outrage of someone who witnessed a black patron being carried out of a restaurant feet first; the writer vows never to return Continue reading


DSC08580This 1931 large pamphlet is from “The Catholic Board for Mission Work Among the Colored People” and is titled “OUR COLORED MISSIONS” with the subtitle “JESUS DIED FOR ALL”.  It pictures a white Jesus holding a black child.  The section “Negro Laughs” (see photo) perpetuates the stereotype of the ignorant African-American who cannot speak well nor reason well (hence the butt of every joke).  To the credit of the brochure is a section titled “Gleanings” (see photo) where the publication acknowledges “Humility and kindness are lovable virtues among the colored race; therefore they are surely much loved by Jesus Christ…Civilization is far older than the science of anthropology, and in the olden days it was not considered necessary to weigh the brain of the individual in order to find whether he merited equality of opportunity.  Anthropology has now as its chief reason for existing the lamentable fact that it furnishes a justification for the exploitation of the darker races.–J.A. Rogers Continue reading


DSC08655 DSC08654This is an almost perfect 1st edition boldly SIGNED copy of Ralph Abernathy’s autobiography.  Ralph David Abernathy, Sr. (March 11, 1926 – April 17, 1990) was a leader of the American Civil Rights Movement, a minister, and the best friend of Martin Luther King, Jr. in the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. bayard_wide-5dbb299753fe1cf46f5162575eff3362b1cd3575Abernathy was also the organizer of the first mass meeting of the Montgomery Bus Boycott to protest Rosa Parks’ arrest on December 1, 1955. Abernathy and his friend Martin Luther King, Jr. organized the boycott and gave birth to the American Civil Rights Movement.  Following King’s assassination, Dr. Abernathy took up the leadership of the SCLC Poor People’s Campaign and led the March on Washington, D.C., that had been planned for May 1968.



DSC08826“All 4 in King Beating Acquitted”  This is the COMPLETE newspaper from the acquittal of the 4 police officers charged with beating black motorist Rodney King.  Newspaper is in great condition; a real time capsule.  Rodney Glen King III (April 2, 1965 – June 17, 2012) was an American construction worker who became nationally known after being beaten by Los Angeles police officers following a high-speed car chase on March 3, 1991. A local witness, George Holliday, videotaped much of it from his balcony. The footage shows five officers surrounding King, several of them striking him repeatedly, while other officers Continue reading


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Four original Tuskegee Airmen have autographed this oversized poster (see wristwatch for size) for the movie “The Tuskegee Airmen.”  Among the bold signatures on this poster is that of Robert Williams.  Williams wrote the story for the movie, but more importantly, he was a distinguished and decorated pilot with the famed Tuskegee Airmen.  Most of these flying heroes have now passed away.  I aquired this poster and had it signed at the world premiere of the movie where several original Tuskegee Airmen were in attendance and agreed to sign. Continue reading