“LITTLE ROCK NINE” INFAMOUS FRONT PAGE: ELIZABETH ECKFORD & HAZEL BRYAN MASSERY

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COMPLETE newspaper, the Dallas Morning News dated Sept 5, 1957.  Front page headline and famous photo of Elizabeth Eckford and Hazel Bryan Massery.  One of the most infamous photos of the Civil Rights Movement, it came to symbolize the vehement (and sometimes violent) rejection of  integrated schooling by whites.  Eckford was one of the “Little Rock Nine” who integrated Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas after the President sent the 101st Airborne to escort the nine African American children into the school (after the Governor of Arkansas called out the Arkansas National Guard to prevent their entry).  Click here to see autograph of Hazel Bryan Massery. Newspaper was Continue reading

1963 “MOBS…DEFY DOGS, FIRE HOSES” (Birmingham, AL)

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Anyone who knows elementary Civil Rights history knows about the police dogs and fire hoses that were used against demonstrators in Birmingham, Alabama.  This May 5, 1963 edition of The Montgomery Advertiser shows the fascinatingly DIFFERENT perspective of the mainstream media in Alabama with documenting the event; the demonstrators are depicted as a “mob” and a “taunting crowd” who “challenged police officials to use the water hoses and leashed dogs.” Note Rev. James Bevel (they misspelled his name) in front page photo Continue reading

SIEGE OF 1ST BAPTIST CHURCH (3000 whites try to burn MLK in church)

DSC08595  DSC08596This is the May 22, 1961 edition of The Mexia (Texas) Daily News with the headline “700 U.S. MARSHALS SENT TO ALABAMA.”  On May 21, 1961, First Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama was a refuge for the passengers on the Freedom ride which met with violence at the Greyhound Bus Station in downtown Montgomery. The church was filled with some 1500 worshipers and activists, including Martin Luther King, Jr., Fred Shuttlesworth, Diane Nash, and James Farmer. The building was besieged by 3000 whites who threatened to burn it Continue reading

MURDERER OF 4 BIRMINGHAM GIRLS FOUND GUILTY (38 yrs later)

DSC08994This May 2nd, 2001 mint condition copy of The Birmingham News has the cover story “BLANTON GUILTY” which details the conviction of Ku Klux Klansman Thomas E. Blanton who bombed the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama, killing 4 little girls, on September of 1963.  Subtitle says, “Prosecutor: ‘Justice Delayed Is Still Justice'”.


I obtained this newspaper after flying to Birmingham, Alabama to witness this historic trial.  While only there a few days, I was blessed to be there for the rendering of the verdict of “Guilty”; an unforgettable moment. Continue reading

1961 FREEDOM RIDERS HEADLINE

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This May 28, 1961 headline from The Mexia (Texas) Daily News says “RIDERS REMAIN IN JAIL RATHER THAN PAY FINES.”  Right under the headline is an article with the title “Kennedy says Negro Could Be President Within 30-40 Years.”  The Freedom Riders challenged the status quo by riding interstate buses in the South in mixed racial groups to challenge local laws or customs that enforced segregation in seating. The Freedom Rides, and the violent reactions they provoked, bolstered Continue reading

1962 KING PLANS NEW DRIVE IN ALABAMA

DSC08803 DSC08804This October 21, 1962 edition of The Montgomery Advertiser has a headline of “Plea For State Militia By Wallace Expected” and includes the article “King Plans New Drive In Alabama“.  This article mentions the success of the Montgomery Bus Boycott and says that Martin Luther King “plans to recruit a nonviolent army to fight segregation in Alabama where his passive resistance move started 7 years ago“. The article titled “U of A Integration Aim Spurs Move, Sources Hint” says “Incoming Governor George C. Wallace is expected to take steps to create a state militia in the wake of an announced integration attempt at the University of Alabama.”


1965 RACIST BIRMINGHAM NEWSLETTER

DSC08796 DSC08799This is the September 2, 1965 edition of the “Birmingham Independent”, a racist newsletter.  The cover story is about J. Edgar Hoover.  Articles include this astounding passage “Birmingham was a fine, cheerful city.  The Negroes were happy.  King and his cohorts moved in, and with some local agitators began stirring up bad feelings and convincing the Negroes that they were not happy at all….He actually preferred that (demands) were not met because this was a cheaper way to promote propaganda to feed his innocent victims on hatred.  What followed…were riots, racial disturbances, and the death of four Negro children” Continue reading

1966 PRO-SEGREGATION LOUISIANA NEWSLETTER

dsc08789This is a February 20, 1966 edition of “The Councilor“, an anti-integration newsletter published in Shreveport, Louisiana.  Articles include “‘Stab-Ins’ Planned As New Civil Rights Terror Campaign“, “Post Office Hiring Now Discriminates Against Whites”, and “Louisiana Race-Mixers Are Under Severe Fire From Aroused Public”.  Name of addressee and PO Box address is clearly printed on newsletter.

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1963 “QUIET INTEGRATION GAINS REPORTED ALL OVER SOUTH”

DSC08778 DSC08771This May 31, 1963 edition of The Montgomery Advertiser has a cover story that says “Leader Says Klan Won’t Attend Mix“.  This story quotes Imperial Wizard of the United Klans of America Robert M. Shelton, who says that the KKK will not attend the integration of the all-white University of Alabama by Vivian J. Malone (African-American) and states “The Klan Continue reading

1966 “…thousands of Negroes will vote for the first time” (1st election post-1965 Voting Rights Act)

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This May 2, 1966 edition of The Birmingham News has cover story of U.S. Observers Sent to Black Belt with the larger title on the page reading “Alabama in Spotlight As Six States to Vote.” Other cover stories: “Millions will go to polls“, “Impact of ’65 Voting Rights Act to be felt“, “All in line can vote if identified”.  Click “Continue Reading” for full-page insert advertising Wallace for Governor. Continue reading

1963 “FORT SUMTER, 1963, SEEMS NEAR AT HAND”

DSC08767 DSC08768Interestingly, this May 29, 1963 edition of The Birmingham Post-Herald erroneously shows a date of MAY 29, 1863 (100 YEARS EARLIER) and includes an article titled “Fort Sumter, 1963, Seems Near At Hand“.  It talks about Governor Faubus (Arkansas) yielding to the Federal Government over integration, Governor Ross (Mississippi) yielding, and wonders if Governor Wallace (Alabama) will stand his ground and not allow James Meredith (an African-American) to enter the all-white University of Alabama. It The newspaper also has an article titled “Harlem Negroes Impatient, Angry, Tired of Platitudes“,


1963 WALLACE “SCHOOLHOUSE DOOR PLAN” OUTLINED

DSC08763 DSC08764This May 28, 1963 edition of The Birmingham Post-Herald shows a cover story of “Wallace’s Complaint Rejected“.  Other stories include “Negro Maid Given Papers By Marshals“, “Schoolhouse Door Plan of Wallace Is Outlined” (this describes in detail how the Governor intends to defy the U.S. Marshals who will attempt to enroll the first African-American), “Desegregation Proposals Coming” which states “unless all signs fail, another filibuster by Conservative Southern Democrats is likely to greet any new civil rights measures in the Senate.”  Other articles include “RFK Urges Theater Men To End (Negro) Ban” and “Troop Action By President Ruled Valid“. Continue reading

1962 NEGRO ENROLLMENT “ENDS SEGREGATION IN MISSISSIPPI” (James Meredith)

DSC08805DSC08806This is the famous and historic headline from the October 2, 1962 edition of The New York Times reporting THE END OF SEGREGATION IN MISSISSIPPI when James Meredith integrated the all-white University of Alabama.  White segregationists from around the state joined students and locals in a violent, 15-hour riot on the campus on September 30, in which two people were killed execution style, hundreds were wounded, and six federal marshals were shot. The headline reads “3,000 TROOPS PUT DOWN MISSISSIPPI RIOTS AND ARREST 112 AS NEGRO BEGINS CLASSES”.  A photo of The New York Times coverage of this event is included in Taylor Branch’s Pulitzer Prize winning masterpiece Parting the WatersOther articles include “Soldiers Beaten; Homes Damaged”, “Campus a Bivouac As Negro Enters”, and “Mobs Armed With Bottles and Bricks Terrorized Oxford From Dawn Until Noon” Continue reading

1963 “KING PREACHES DOCTRINE IN POOL HALLS”

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This May 14, 1963 edition of The Montgomery Advertiser has the cover story “Wallace Hints Court Order To Oust Troops” with subtitle “Governor Insists Military Units In Alabama Illegally“.  A unique article “King Preaches His Doctrine In Pool Halls, On Sidewalks“, describes the effort of the SCLC to protect the Civil Rights Movement from violence by preaching nonviolence even in the most unlikely places (and even collecting knives while doing so! Continue reading

1963 BIRMINGHAM TRUCE STILL IN EFFECT

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This May 10th, 1963 edition of The Montgomery Advertiser  shows the headline “King Says Agreement Reached On Demands“.  Subtitle says “Birmingham Truce Still In Effect“.  Another interesting cover story says “Wires Praise, Attack Wallace On Racial Issue At Birmingham” and quotes from disapproving Connecticut Governor John Dempsey (whom Wallace tells to “mind his own business” and quotes from supportive Mississippi Governor Ross Barnett.  Inside the paper is a very interesting article is titled “Pep Rallies Heartbeat of Birmingham’s Negro Movement“.  This last article is a surprisingly neutral observation from a reporter inside a local church rally who notes that “It’s there that they receive the spiritual push necessary to face police, firemen and jail.” Continue reading

1963 “MARCHERS HURL ROCKS IN ALBANY”

DSC08742DSC08741Albany was considered Martin Luther King’s only failure in the Civil Rights Movement (thanks to Police Chief Laurie Prichett, who studied the mistakes of King’s previous adversaries).  See below for a brief history of the Albany Movement.  This June 20, 1963 edition of The Atlanta Constitution has the headline “President’s Rights Bill Assailed by Georgians“.  It has the subtitle “Kennedy Blueprints Broad Plan“.  One cover article states “Marchers Hurl Rocks In Albany” (with quotes from infamous Police Chief Laurie Prichett).  The title of a very interesting Opp/Ed piece “The Civil Rights Controversy Continues Uppermost in the Minds of the Readers” reflects the outrage of someone who witnessed a black patron being carried out of a restaurant feet first; the writer vows never to return Continue reading

1992 RODNEY KING POLICE ACQUITTAL (LOS ANGELES TIMES)

DSC08826“All 4 in King Beating Acquitted”  This is the COMPLETE newspaper from the acquittal of the 4 police officers charged with beating black motorist Rodney King.  Newspaper is in great condition; a real time capsule.  Rodney Glen King III (April 2, 1965 – June 17, 2012) was an American construction worker who became nationally known after being beaten by Los Angeles police officers following a high-speed car chase on March 3, 1991. A local witness, George Holliday, videotaped much of it from his balcony. The footage shows five officers surrounding King, several of them striking him repeatedly, while other officers Continue reading

1964 HARLEM RACE RIOTS (EDITORIAL CARTOON)

DSC08802This July 26, 1964 edition of The Atlanta Journal and Constitution contains a very interesting editorial cartoon about the Harlem Race Riots.  The cartoon’s captions says “Brother Nero, do you smell smoke?” and includes caricatures of the leaders of the SCLC (Martin Luther King), the NAACP, SNCC, and CORE playing the violin to the music of “We Shall Overcome”.


1833 “NEGROES WANTED” Ads

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“Negroes Wanted” and “200 Negroes Wanted” advertisements.  COMPLETE front section of the Daily National Intelligencer, Washington D.C.  Wednesday, January 30, 1833.  First ad: “The subscriber wishes to purchase from forty to fifty Negroes of both sexes, form the age of twelve years to twenty-five.  He will exchange two 2 story brick Houses…for Negroes, or give the highest cash price.”  Second ad: “Two Hundred Negroes of both sexes from twelve to twenty-five years old, field hands or mechanics…determined to give higher prices for slaves than any purchaser who is now, or may hereafter come into this market.” Continue reading

1839 SLAVE RUNAWAY ADS (5)

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These 1839 runaway slaves from the COMPLETE front section of the Charleston Courier are described with incredible detail in these heartbreaking advertisements.  In fact, I don’t see how someone can read these ads and not feel compassion for the men that must have been panic-stricken while on the run during the publication of this newspaper.  From the 1st ad: “The above reward will be given on proof of being harbored by a white person ($300), or One Hundred Dollars for any or each of them, or Thirty Dollars for each, if proved to be harbored by a colored person, or Twenty-five Dollars for each of them being lodged in any Jail or Workhouse, so that I can get them.

If they will return of their own accord, they will not be punished.  Masters of vessels and others are particularly cautioned against employing or carrying them away, as the law will be strictly enforced.” 

Interestingly, there is one ad seeking the conviction of a white person harboring a slave…”FIVE HUNDRED DOLLARS REWARD for conviction of a White Person, who may have harbored my slave Billy…$200 for the conviction of a free person of color….$20 for proof of his having been harbored by a slave…”  PLEASE SEE OTHER PHOTOS BELOW.

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1963 “NEGROES PROTEST IN GREENSBORO; 400 ARRESTED”

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This May 18, 1963 edition of The Montgomery Advertiser shows a headline of “Gov. Wallace Files Suit Against Kennedy In D.C.” with subtitle “President Urges Racial Harmony“.  Other articles included “Negroes Protest in Greensboro; 400 Arrested” and “Birmingham Increases Patrols For Weekend“.  The latter article, referring to threats of racial bombing says “Negro volunteers posted themselves at the homes of integration leaders and churches Friday night.” Continue reading

1836 RUNAWAY AD (“mark…covers part of her breasts, body, and limbs…”) AND 3 OTHER SLAVE ADS

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This is the full front section from the May 4th, 1838 Daily National Intelligencer.  It includes one runaway and three slave purchase advertisements.  First ad: “FIFTY DOLLARS REWARD.-Eloped from my residence ELOIZA, a young negress of ordinary stature and size, but strongly made, about 22 years old, color of a chestnut or brown, long thick wooly hair, which is commonly neatly combed, parted before, and tucked with combs.  Her clothing consists of several calico frocks, white cotton aprons and collars, and a black bombasin dress.  She has had from her birth a very singular mark, resembling the dashing on the skin of coffee grounds or some black substance.  This mark, to the best of my recollection, commences on the neck or collar bone, and covers part of her breasts, body, and limbs, and when her neck and arms are uncovered is very perceptable. I understand that she calls herself Louisa, and has been frequently seen east and south of the Capitol square, and harbored by ill-

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1963 LIQUOR STORES TO CLOSE DURING INTEGRATION OF UNIVERSITY

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This May 30, 1963 edition of the Selma Times-Journal features interesting segregation, desegregation, and voters drive-related articles.  One title states “No Sales of Liquor, Negro Entry Day” (liquor stores are ordered closed on the day that African-Americans Vivian Malone and James Hood enter the all-white University of Alabama); another states “Church Fight Won By Anti-Mixers” (delegates to a Methodist conference name 3 pro-segregationists to represent them).  Finally, “Voters Drive Set for Birmingham” (Rev. Andrew Young gives details about a voter drive) Continue reading

1963 RALLY “TO STOP ALL RACE-MIXING”

DSC08748 DSC08745This June 9, 1963 edition of The Montgomery Advertiser has a cover story of “Wallace Plans Call for 500 Guardsmen”.  Other cover articles include “JFK Woos Far West Negro Vote” and “Southerner Gives Threat of Filibuster”.  Of particular interest on the front page is this announcement: “States Rights Party Slates Rally Tonight” where they will “outline a plan of action to stop all race-mixing in Alabama and win the struggle for the survival of our great white race.”  The speakers, Dr. Edward R. Fields and J.B. Stoner are infamous Klansmen, one of which is STILL ACTIVE TODAY in white supremist and anti-Jewish doctrine.    Continue reading

1963 “JUDGE REFUSES TO ORDER BIRMINGHAM SCHOOLS MIX”

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This May 28, 1963 edition of The Selma Times-Journal shows the headline “JUDGE REFUSES TO ORDER BIRMINGHAM SCHOOL MIX“.  Another article just below the headline reads “Jackson next for mass effort by Negro leaders“.  Includes a very interesting Op/Ed piece titled “Uncle Tom, 1963 Model” which accuses Martin Luther King of “provoking violence” and states “…Dr. King is risking the worst interracial violence of modern times.” Continue reading

1962 RIOTS AS NEGRO DESEGREGATES MISSISSIPPI UNIVERSITY

news1Western Edition of the New York Times.  Headline: “NEGRO AT MISSISSIPPI U. AS BARNET YIELDS; 3 SHOT AS MARSHALS COMBAT STUDENT RIOTS; KENNEDY, IN APPEAL, INVOKES STATE’S HONOR”.

This turbulent Civil Rights history is perfectly preserved in these headline articles.

Click HERE for 2 James Meredith signatures.

Click HERE for 1st edition of Meredith’s autobiography.

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