Published in 1956 and used in Virginia classrooms through the late 1970’s, Virginia: History, Government, Geography by Francis B. Simkins and Spotswood H. Jones, and Sidman P. Poole describes the life of a Virginia slave as “happy”, “cheerful”, and “prosperous.”
“.…The Negroes learned also to enjoy the work and play of the plantations…Virginia offered a better life for the Negroes than did Africa…”
This 382 page book is in good condition for being 115 years old. The author is Charles Carroll who claimed that blacks are more akin to apes than to human beings, and theorized that blacks had been the “tempters of Eve.” Carroll said that mulatto brutes were the rapists and murderers of his time (pp. 167, 191, 290-202) and that they should be killed. You will notice (in the photo) a red cloth bookmark; I’m not sure if it’s original, but it matches perfectly. The rebuttal to this book Is the Negro A Beast? was published in 1901 and is also in this collection (see “Racism” category).
Is the Negro a Beast?: A Reply to Chas. Carroll’s Book Entitled “The Negro A Beast”, Proving that the Negro is Human from Biblical, Scientific, and Historical Standpoints. Written by William G. Schell, this book is a refutation of the scurrilous book The Negro A Beast or In the Image of God?, apparently popular in Southern US around the turn of the century, which attempted to justify the enslavement of those of African descent, since they “weren’t really human.” The controversial book that this book is refuting is also available in this collection (see other post in the “Racism” category).
Nigger Brand Sahara Dates, Oval, France
c.1915, 8 3/4 In.
This 1955 card game, “Party Stunts” features stereotypical imagery (bugged-out eyes and oversize lips) of a black person eating a watermelon. For the player who draws that card from the deck, the player must “Go through the motions of a colored boy eating watermelon.” Continue reading
This stereo view of a black girl with watermelon continues the odd pairing of black folk with watermelon. It states, “Did you say watermelon was no good? Give me liberty and watermelon! Let the pampered epicure rave over a French ragout, a Chinese bird’s nest soup, or lobster a la Newburg, we piccaninnies believe in the simple life and watermelon. Give us a Continue reading
This 1915 postcard features a young black child holding a watermelon with a grin on his face (continuing the odd pairing of black folk with watermelon). The postcard states “Nigger Heben”. It has a postal stamp from April 14, 1915 in Norfolk, Virginia. Continue reading
This 1940’s postcard features “Varieties of Desert Vegetation” including Spanish Bayonet, Joshua Tree, Agave, Palo Verde, and “Nigger Head”. Horticulturist P.A. Munz’s California Flora and California Desert Wildflowers (University of California Press, Berkeley, 1970) lists Niggerhead cactus as the accepted common name for Echinocactus polycephalus, a small barrel cactus native to California’s southern deserts. Continue reading
This 1954 racist “Christian” desegregation brochure by John R. Rice is titled “Negro and White”. In it, the author states (regarding the lynching of Emmett Till) “That colored boy, who attempted to…seduce the…white woman, was spurred on by widespread feeling, a cocky attitude agitators have cultivated among colored people. Remember…a white woman dare not walk the streets alone at night or go anywhere alone at night because of the animosity and the standards of the large negro population….It makes for cases of murder and rape. It makes for some…cases in which offended white men, even good men, take the law in their own hands.” Continue reading
This 1956 brochure contains the speech “Mixed Schools and Mixed Blood” by Herbert Ravenel Sass. It states “Herbert Ravel Sass, author, presents the fundamental case for the white South. A native of Charleston, South Carolina, an independent, and an Episocpalian, Mr. Sass is imbued with a tradition which he believes is based on unchanging truth. His argument goes to the very heart of the controversy: Would integrated schools lead to mixed blood?”
The brochure is published by The Educational Fund of the Citizens’ Councils of Greenwood, Mississippi.
This 1956 pamphlet titled “Interposition, the Barrier Against Tyranny” is a speech of Representative John Bell Williams (D-Miss.) in the United States House of Representatives on January 25, 1956. Interposition refers to the right of the states to protect their interests from federal violation deemed by those states to be dangerous or unconstitutional. Citizens’ Councils (which were considered a more civilized version of the Ku Klux Klan) famously defended segregation (and before that slavery) by teaching “Interposition and Nullification”.
This brochure was printed by the Association of Citizens’ Councils of Mississippi in Greenwood, Mississippi.
This 1964 “National Rally” flyer advertises Gerald L.K. Smith speaking at the Large Embassy Auditorium at 9th and Grand in Los Angeles, California on April 30th, 1964. On the flyer it states that he will discuss “The significance of Governor Wallace of Alabama, who is rapidly becoming a white man’s champion. Will the Negro become America’s ‘sacred cow’? Will the Jewish politicians and their ilk be able to combine minorities for political victory in such a way as to enslave and abuse the great white Christian majority of America?
This postcard from Greenville, Texas shows the Flower Bed in City Park. The back of the postcard states “Blackest Land” and “Whitest People”
This 1950’s anti-NAACP brochure contains four pages of fear-mongering designed to discredit the NAACP by associating the civil rights organization with communism. It refers to “…its devious way to bring America down to stark mulattoism. A negroid-nation is the aim of both–which is but another way of saying Negro-Supremacy.”
This is a 1936 cancelled check from Lee Bank & Trust Company. The check shows “Nigger Head Rock” in the corner. Today, that area in Penington Gap, Virginia is referred to as “Stoneface” (changed in the 1970’s).
This “Cotton Fluff” (by Olive Smith) sheet music from 1936 shows a racist depiction (face is almost a complete silhouette and exaggerated black lips) of a black child holding multiple cotton bolls. Clayton F. Summy Co.
This 1906 postcard shows the stereotype of a black man with exaggerated features lamenting a broken watermelon with the caption “Life Ain’t Worth Living When Your Broke.”
1954 “Black Monday” brochure is the printed version of a speech by Judge Tom P. Brady (of the Fourteenth Circuit Court District Brookhaven, Miss) denouncing the 1954 Landmark Brown vs. Board of Education desegregation decision. This brochure was published by the Mississippi Citizens’ Council. Note the quote, “We do know the negro has, in certain instances, elliptical blood cells, which cause disease. We do know that his skull is one-eighth inch thicker…”
Two Fayette County, Alabama Democratic ballots from 1941 and 1956. Note the logo of the chicken and the “WHITE SUPREMACY….FOR THE RIGHT” banner used by the Democratic Party at the time. The official overtly racist logo of the Alabama Democratic Party was adopted in 1904 and not replaced until 1966.
The 1956 ballot shows the notorious Eugene Bull Connor as candidate for “Delegate to National Democratic Convention”. Bull Connor famously used firehoses and police dogs on men, women, and children protesters during the famed Birmingham demonstrations of 1963.
The heading of this postcard states “Martin Luther King at Communist Training school.” ON BACK: “Lower left, arms folded, is Abner W. Berry of the Central Communist Party. To King’s right, Aubrey Williams, pres. of the communist front SCEF, and Myles Horton, dir. Highlander Folk School for communist training at Monteagle, Tenn. Picture taken by secret counteragent during Red Workshop in race agitation.“
Another disgusting example of an alligator eating, or trying to eat, black children (see other similar items in the collection). The tale of the alligator is a letter opener; by pulling the head of the African-American child out of the alligator’s mouth, a pencil is revealed. The tail advertises the “Los Angeles Alligator Farm”. So much for the South having a monopoly on racism. Continue reading
Large format sheet music for the song “Cannibal Love”. “With kisses dear, I’ll greet you, love you so that I could eat you.” Some small tears. Bottom corners slightly faded. Condition is good.
Made in Germany in the first quarter of the 20th century, it contains a black mask. Instructions on the cover are in German, French, and English. The English directions are as follows: “The Nigger Cap. New. Great surprise. Wonderful effect. It is possible to become a Nigger in half a minute, and then quickly a white man again. The Nigger cap, which is made of light black tricot, is simply drawn over the head, the end pushed under the collar and the Nigger is ready. If in company, one should bend down under the table a moment and draw the cap on, or one goes out of the room and comes back a Nigger, to the great astonishment of everyone present. Great joke. Patented. Enormous success.” Cap is in the package, unused.
This racist postcard from Great Yarmouth, Norfolk (in England) says, “I aint a dirty nudist…I’m just a clean nigger!” It is dated Aug 12, 1937.
This 1907 book The Negro, A Menace to American Civilization, was written by Robert Wilson Shufeldt who was a Major in the Medical Department of the U.S. Army. From the book:“It takes a negro to assault a pretty and winsome little girl less than four years of age….It is scarcely necessary for me to say, that I am morally opposed to all forms of lynch law, but the negro is with us ; savagery and barbarous acts beget savagery and barbarous acts….Lynchings, in spite of everything, will continue to occur in the United States of America just so long as there is a negro left here alive, and there is a white woman living for him to assault. He can no more help his instincts than he is responsible for the color of his skin.” Note the lynching photos. Continue reading
Just like the weird connection American culture had in associating blacks with watermelon (see watermelon postcards in this collection), they also associated African-Americans as bait for alligators with a common theme of African-Americans running from alligators. Continue reading
This is a 1927 advertisement from page 592 of the “Shure” catalogue. It reads “Coon-in-Barrel” is a new, novel and unique device that is a whirl wind crowd gatherer. The barrel is the same size as an ordinary barrel, flat front with a large on the outside. Hit the target and up comes the coon, hit the coon and knock him back in the barrel… Continue reading
The Church and the Negro, A Discussion of Mormons, Negroes and the Priesthood by John Lewis Lund, copyright 1967, third printing 1968. From the dust jacket it says the book “openly and frankly discusses and documents the Mormon position concerning the Negro. “In regard to inter-marriage with the Negro…God does not approve!” Continue reading
This alarmist book by Kenneth Goth concludes that “…the colored races of the whole world are being united under the banner of atheistic hell-inspired Communism“. It also notes that “In schools our young white girls are being forced to dance with Negro boys.” Note the photo of “wild jungle sex orgies that go on each night…between Negroes and Whites”.
Book is published by Soldiers of the Cross and is 76 pages. Continue reading
This is a fascinating book written by Wynetta Willis Martin about her experiences as the first African-American in the famous Mormon Tabernacle Choir. She staunchly supports the LDS church even though, at the time of her autobiographical account, the Mormon Church would not allow African-Americans to become priests. The latter part of the book includes the chapter “Why Can’t the Negro Hold the Priesthood” by John D. Hawkes. The “Forward” (see photo) is written by Odgen Mayor Bart Wolthuis. Five newspaper articles written about Ms. Martin are included in the book (see photos). Continue reading
“Trooper Peter Halket of Mashonaland” by Olive Schreiner. Published in 1897, this book starts with the frontispiece photo of 3 black individuals hanging from a tree surrounded by white men.
The book appears to be about the travels of Trooper Peter Halket on his way through South Africa. There are constant references to the “N” word, Continue reading
This advertisement is not dated, but it is VERY old. It shows racist caricatures of African-Americans stealing and shooting each other. Text at the bottom describes the scene and in one portion says “…(he) was drowned in tears at the thought of not being able to shoot two darkey thieves. But as the well filled with tears he came to the top and discovered one dead nigger…” The ad suggests Barker’s Liniment for the aches and pains of the farmer after the incident. Browned, a few small tears and chips to the edges, printing on rear, fragile. Overall size is approximately 9″ x 6″.
This 1930’s Chicago advertisement for Karsten’s Restaurants depicts a racist “coon” character in uniform. Continue reading
This sheet music from 1916 has a racist title and racist lyrics. Note the line “Go to sleep, my little pickaninnies, Cuddle up to mammy’s breast“.
This article from the November 1907 issue of “The Metropolitan Magazine” is written by a Senator from Mississippi, John Sharp Williams. The article is 15 pages (about 8″ x 10″ in size) and has several full page photos. In the article titled “The Negro and the South” Williams writes “The darky complains a good deal…They are here, and they are going to remain here so long as there is a cotton-field in sight…Some people talk as if the repeal of the fifteenth amendment would get rid of darkies…Negro women are poor mothers–careless and unintelligent.”
“Darkie Toothpaste” shows one of the more obvious caricatures of the grinning, wide-eyed African-American. Toothpaste bottle and box are from Japan.
Darkie is a toothpaste brand of Hawley & Hazel Chemical Company. Established in Shanghai in 1933 and later based in Hong Kong and Taiwan, Hawley & Hazel was acquired in 1985 by the US corporation Colgate-Palmolive, although the product is not marketed by Colgate-Palmolive Continue reading
Possibly the most representative example of Klan propaganda, this may be the worst and most disgusting of the publications by the Klan/Citizens’ Councils. Exploiting the murder of Viola Liuzzo, (a true hero of the Civil Rights Movement) by putting her body on the cover of their Klan “Night Riders” magazine as a trophy of their murderous efforts is about as low as it gets.
This 1966 anti-Civil Rights newsletter is titled “RACIAL VIOLENCE AND HATRED” and is ironically from “Americans for Civil Harmony.” In it, it attributes the fight for equality and civil rights to a communist plot. It links Dr. King with illegal liquor sales and “promiscuous lewdness”; it identifies several of his aides as “sex perverts” and “identified communists“. It relies heavily on “perceptive critic”: J. Edgar Hoover. This newsletter was part of the FBI propaganda campaign to discredit the Civil Rights Movement. Like new condition.
This is the September 2, 1965 edition of the “Birmingham Independent”, a racist newsletter. The cover story is about J. Edgar Hoover. Articles include this astounding passage “Birmingham was a fine, cheerful city. The Negroes were happy. King and his cohorts moved in, and with some local agitators began stirring up bad feelings and convincing the Negroes that they were not happy at all….He actually preferred that (demands) were not met because this was a cheaper way to promote propaganda to feed his innocent victims on hatred. What followed…were riots, racial disturbances, and the death of four Negro children” Continue reading
This is a February 20, 1966 edition of “The Councilor“, an anti-integration newsletter published in Shreveport, Louisiana. Articles include “‘Stab-Ins’ Planned As New Civil Rights Terror Campaign“, “Post Office Hiring Now Discriminates Against Whites”, and “Louisiana Race-Mixers Are Under Severe Fire From Aroused Public”. Name of addressee and PO Box address is clearly printed on newsletter.
These are three stereotypical advertisements taken from magazines from the 1930’s and 1940’s. Two of the ads depict an African-American as the jolly servant, with one of them saying, “YES, SUH, BOSS, I’SE GOT DE BEST!” Two of the ads also show an exaggerated depiction of black lips and jet-black skin. Continue reading
This item, dated 1925, shows a racist caricature of a black man sitting on top of a watermelon. 1st lines say “I’s like a lil’ niggah wiv heaps ob time to kill. Been doin’ nothin’ all day long but settin’ mahty still.”
Says “G.L. Salisbury” and “A Buzza Motto 1925” at bottom.
This is a Frank G. Abell calling card for his famous photography business. It shows a black man stealing watermelons with a dog attached to his rear, while a white man with a shotgun chases him. It says, “Which will let go first, the dog or the darkey?” Born in Illinois in 1844, Frank G. Abell opened his first gallery on his own, Abell’s Star Gallery, in Stockton in 1866. Moving back to San Francisco the following year, he then gradually worked his way north, through Grass Valley, Red Bluff, and and Yreka, arriving in Roseburg, Oregon in 1877. From 1878 to 1888 he was based in Portland, and after a few years back in San Francisco, he continued in Portland from 1897 to 1907. Known primarily for his studio portraits, his gallery in Continue reading
Another disturbing association between a black boy and a hungry alligator. The postcard reads “A Fine Opening for a Southern Youth.” The postcard is postdated in Plum City, Wisconsin on September 15, 1909 and addressed to Mrs. Rose Allen from Evelyn.
This 1892 stereo view of African-Americans picking cotton says “Away down among “de Cotton and de Coons” and appears to say that the photo is from Louisiana. Continue reading
This 1931 large pamphlet is from “The Catholic Board for Mission Work Among the Colored People” and is titled “OUR COLORED MISSIONS” with the subtitle “JESUS DIED FOR ALL”. It pictures a white Jesus holding a black child. The section “Negro Laughs” (see photo) perpetuates the stereotype of the ignorant African-American who cannot speak well nor reason well (hence the butt of every joke). To the credit of the brochure is a section titled “Gleanings” (see photo) where the publication acknowledges “Humility and kindness are lovable virtues among the colored race; therefore they are surely much loved by Jesus Christ…Civilization is far older than the science of anthropology, and in the olden days it was not considered necessary to weigh the brain of the individual in order to find whether he merited equality of opportunity. Anthropology has now as its chief reason for existing the lamentable fact that it furnishes a justification for the exploitation of the darker races.–J.A. Rogers Continue reading
Color illustration of a black man dressed as a Kentucky colonel and sitting on a front porch rocker while holding a mint julep. I purchased this poster (on thick card stock) from an antiques dealer from the South. 1963 Twinkle Press, Roanoke Virginia. Measures 14 x 11 inches.
This 1901 minstrel play “Coon Creek Courtship” is published by T.S. Denison & Company. Continue reading
This colorful cover of the September 1924 issue of Pictorial Review furthers the very strange American stereotype of African-Americans going crazy over watermelon. This is just the cover; you can see the edges have been eaten by insects over the last 90 years. Note the large size of the cover as compared to the quarter to the right.
In 1995, Radio Shack manufactured a translating device (model 63-797) that made headlines when someone noticed that it translates the word “black” to “nigger”. Radio Shack recalled this specific model and issued a written apology. Upon hearing this, I went to Radio Shack to attempt to purchase the device for my collection. When I arrived, all of the units had long-since been pulled from the shelves…except a demo. I successfully talked the young cashier (unaware of the controversy) into selling me the demo.
“Mammy’s Little Pumpkin Colored Coons” Sheet music. With the subtitle: “Plantation Slumber Song“.
Hillman/Perrin, from the play “The Good Mr. Best”, copyright 1897. Fair condition, spine mostly split with small pieces missing. RH edge somewhat ragged.
“A Nutsplitters Vacation or A Mechanical Tourist – All the Latest Railroad Talk – Highball All the Way” by Carl C. Davis. Copyright 1907. Front cover and 2 front pages detached. It seems like two other pages may be missing, judging from the numbering, but they are probably end papers or illustrations as the booklet seems complete. Half of spine missing. Obviously this booklet has condition problems, but the value is in the front cover. 82 pages. 5″ x 7″.
This postcard shows a waterfall and states “White Oak Canyon at Nigger Run Fork, Skyline Drive, VA.”
Negro Run was one of “at least 1,441 federally recognized places across the nation include slurs in their official name”. At least 558 place names refer to African-Americans specifically in a derogatory manner. This creek was originally called Tim’s River in 1753 and officially named Nigger Run in 1933. It, and all other geographic features, replaced the word “Nigger” with “Negro” in 1962 by order of… Continue reading
This Lifesavers advertisement from 1950 uses a minstrel/blackface representation (caricature of a black man) to advertise. Quite a large add and in excellent condition; slight yellowing from age and uniform foxing.
This stereogram, reinforcing racist caricatures, shows a white farmer holding a pitchfork in one hand and grabs the shoulder of a black youth. Titled “No Massa, I don’ steal yo chickens!“–yet somehow Massa has his suspicions.” There appear to be young chicks peeking through holes in the young man’s hat. Continue reading
An anti-Civil Rights view of what happened in Selma, Alabama in 1965 is contained in this book “Selma” by Robert M. Mikell. Book also shows an unusual preoccupation with alleged interracial relationships (see photo of back cover). The photo of the car where Civil Rights heroine Viola Liuzzo was murdered is in particular poor taste (especially with how the publisher has “colorized” it).
This matchbook cover came from the Golden West Hotel in San Diego, CA in or about 1925. The graphics are excellent and it is in great condition.
This is a segregationist booklet from 1957 titled “Segregation and the South” by Judge Tom Brady. A very interesting document from the infamous White Citizen’s Council of Greenwood, Mississippi. Interesting illustrative reference to the Little Rock Crisis of 1957 on the back showing a soldier with a bayonet “forcing” children to integrate, with the slogan “REMEMBER LITTLE ROCK.” Continue reading
This is a New York Sun newspaper from June 29, 1913. Amazing 2 column prominent headline: “I am Fighting to Eliminate Negroes and Whiskey, says Senator Vardaman. The new Senator from Mississippi says they are the twin evils of our civilization. Proposes to wipe Negroes Continue reading
This is a 1954 tourism advertisement (from Department of Conservation and Development) that reinforces the stereotype of African-Americans as servants.
Measures a large 5 1/4″ x 13 1/2″.
This is sheet music from 1921 for the song “Coal Black Mammy”. It has cover art showing a cabin in a field of cotton.
This racially stereotypical cartoon in the October 9, 1926 edition of the Columbus Dispatch, shows a personification of the sun seated above a stereotypical image of a black-faced character (minstrel-style). This is approximately a quarter page drawing and is still on the full single sheet of the newspaper.
Black stereotype advertisement for ham in Munsey’s Magazine. The entire advertisement is written in a stereotypically “ignorant Negro”-style dialect. Back side is a Dennison ad. 1906.
This rare 78 album (heavy cardboard “book”) has several attached Victor record sleeves with records. VG/EX condition. Very presentable.
I’m guessing the age to be 1930’s or 1940’s.
In 1962, Crayola voluntarily changed their “flesh” crayon. Guess what color of flesh it represented? They changed it to “peach” in an attempt to avoid any legal issues.
This 24 count box of Crayola Crayons is missing 4 colors. The box is in good condition, though you can see wear and scribble marks in the photos.
6″x12″ metal license plate marked “I went all de way wit L.B.J.” and pictures a racist caricature of a pregnant black woman. 1964.
Lyndon Johnson’s campaign slogan was “All the Way With LBJ.” His opponent came up with a racist play on words: “I Went All De Way Wif LBJ.” Continue reading
A Thomas Nast political print from Harper’s Weekly, July 11, 1868. This is large (see the wristwatch in the photo to see the size). Caption under photo says “Would You Marry Your Daughter to a Nigger?” It is a magazine edition and in VG condition. The original print is matted in black. It shows the Democratic Party being wed to a black man with the Press looking on.
Scottsboro The Firebrand of Communism by Files Crenshaw, Jr., and Kenneth A. Miller. This is a very racist account of a famous trial known as the “Scottsboro Nine”–Nine blacks accused of attacking and raping 2 white women on March 25, 1931 on a freight train in Scottsboro Alabama (Jackson County). Of course the men were railroaded (see explanation below). The women, years later, recanted their story.
This is a racist postcard from South Africa. It says “K was a Kaffir afraid of the sun”. In South Africa today, the term is regarded as highly racially offensive, in the same way as “nigger” in the United States and other English-speaking countries. It is seldom used as an isolated insult, but rather is used systematically by openly racist individuals when talking about black people, and as such was very common in the apartheid era. Use of the word has been actionable in South African courts since at least 1976 under the offense of crimen injuria: “the unlawful, intentional and serious violation of the dignity of another”.
I found this framed print in a local antique store.
Written by Albert C. Persons, this is a very biased/racist account of the Civil Rights events that occurred in Selma, Alabama in 1965. The booklet is titled “The True Selma Story” with the subtitle “Sex and Civil Rights“. It was published in 1966. The author states “The greatest obstacle in the Negro’s search for “Freedom” is the Negro himself and the leaders he has chosen to follow.” Publication includes “unsavory police and court records of the leaders of the civil rights movement.” Continue reading
This sheet music from 1906 is titled “Carry Me Back To Old Virginny”. Cover art is a famous painting showing a plantation scene. A portion of the lyrics say “There’s where the old darkey’s heart am long’d to go. That’s where I labor’d so. There’s where this old darkey’s life will pass away. Massa and missis have…”
The date printed on the sheet music says 1906; someone has written 1921 in pencil at the top.
Just like the weird connection American culture had in depicting blacks running away from alligators (see alligator postcards in this collection), they also commonly associated African Americans with watermelon.
Caricature of black individual with mouth wide open made into an ashtray. It has protective flannel circles on the bottom and is marked “John 62” (I assume that means made in 1962). Continue reading
This 1925 insurance coupon is from The Insurance Company of North America and is about the size of a large bookmark. It includes a stereotypical image of the grinning “Negro Porter” who is all-too-happy to serve.
This 1950’s brochure titled “The Ugly Truth About the NAACP” is an address by Attorney General Eugene Cook of George before the 55th Annual Convention of the Peace Officers Association of Georgia which was held in Atlanta.
These racist caricatures depicting Japanese as animals (look at the hands and feet) reflect racist attitudes during World War II…the kind of attitudes that likely led to the Japanese Internment Camps. Magazine is in Very Good condition, complete, spine solid, no writing or tears, has a few small dog-ears on pages.