1928 HOUSING CONTRACT “NEVER TO SELL…TO NEGRO…”

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This is a large realty investment document dated for April 1928, for the purchase of a house in Bannock County, Pocatello, Idaho.  The document shows age discoloration and has been folded in quarters, still in nice shape.  There is a notation at the bottom of the document that the buyer of the property agrees to never sell the lot or assign the contract to a Negro, Chinaman, or Japanese.  There appear to be 5 signatures, including the Notary Public and the Ex-Officio Recorder. Continue reading

1957 SEGREGATIONIST LEAFLET

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This segregationist leaflet was distributed by “The Defenders” of Richmond, Virginia.  It depicts U.S. soldiers “forcing” integration on school children.  Approximately 4″x4″ on light card stock.  Based on the date of Sep 26, 1957, this leaflet is assuredly based on President Eisenhower ordering the 101st Airborne to excort the “Little Rock Nine” to Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas (an all-white school) after Governor Faubus order the National Guard to keep the black children out of the school.  The leaflet credits the “Union Leader” newspaper of Manchester, NH as the  original source for the cartoon.


6 Railroad Passes for “Colored Laborer/Brakeman”

DSC08634This is a set of 6 railroad passes–5 for “John Williams and wife” (it says he was a “colored brakeman” for the Missouri Pacific) and 1 railroad pass for Isaac M. Feygans (it says “colored laborer”). The word “colored” is next to the names. They are dated 1919, 1923, 1926 (2), 1928, and 1930.  5 passes are for the Missouri Pacific Railroad Company and 1 is for the Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad Company Line.  Notice on the front of the Feygans pass it does not permit blacks to ride on trains 1 and 2 (white only service) or visit the lounge car on trains 11 and 12 (whites only service) or use ANY sleeping car accomodations (similar racial restrictions on all of the passes).  5 passes (for the Williams family) are encased in a glass frame; it would be easy to open this frame and remove them if necessary.  The 6th pass is separate and not framed.

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“NEVER” SEGREGATIONIST PIN

DSC00635Alabama Sheriff Jim Clark at MicrophoneThis hard-to-find segregationist pin was worn by Southern Whites to protest an end to segregation (“Never Integrate”).  In the 1960’s, violent and racist Sheriff Jim Clark (of Selma, Alabama) was always seen wearing his gun, billy club (to electrically shock nonviolent demonstrators), and this pin. Note the manufacturer name, symbol, and unusual stamp (on the inside) of pin.  Continue reading

1958 NEGRO TRAVELER’S “GREEN BOOK”

DSC06376 DSC06379 This is the book African-Americans would use (when traveling) to know where to find a hotel or restaurant that would accept African-Americans.  The traveler’s guide has all cities and states, and includes the addresses for the facilities it recommends . It is fascinating to look up your city and see what hotels, restaurants, and vacation spots (of those that have survived) that permitted the patronage of African-Americans in the 1950’s.  The Green Book is from 1958; published by the Esso Men. Continue reading

1966 CITIZENS’ COUNCIL BROCHURE (LOUISIANA)

DSC00647This 1966 brochure from the Louisiana Citizens’ Council is titled “Why We Are Expanding” and says “Questions and answers for the white people of South Louisiana who sincerely believe that States’ Rights and racial segregation must be preserved for the peace and good order of our county and for our children’s futures!”  Also says “The Citizens’ Council movement is the only nationwide organization dedicated to preserving the integrity of the white race!”  The brochure states (inside) that its aim is to “reverse the “Black Monday” decision of 1954 and repeal the mis-named “Civil Rights” Act of 1964.”  It also invites the reader to attend a meeting on October 18, 1966 in New Orleans.

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1917 SEGREGATION LAWS: BIRMINGHAM, AL CITY CODE BOOK

DSC08675This is a tangible part of what so many fought, bled, and died for…to change THESE humiliating ordinances. This is an original HEAVY hardcover book “THE CODE OF THE CITY OF BIRMINGHAM”.  Includes ordinances such as “Negroes Not To Game With Whites,” “Negroes Separated From Whites In Restaurants,” “Negroes Separated From Whites on Street Cars,” and “White Children Not To Be Carried To Negro Homes.”  Code shows monetary penalties, imprisonment, and hard labor for violating these ordinances.

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1958 ARK. SEGREGATIONIST GOVERNOR ORVAL FAUBUS TLS (SIGNED)

DSC08850Governor Orval E. Faubus was the Governor who called out the National Guard to block nine African-American children from entering Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas.  Typed Letter Signed as Governor, on colored State of Arkansas Letterhead, January 10, 1958.  Faubus makes reference to the challenge of integration in the letter by stating (after referencing “Pledge to the South”) “I am most grateful for your thoughtfulness and understanding of our situation.”  Boldly signed in black ink.

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1940’s “WHITE RACE ONLY” TOKEN

DSC06432This metal token from the 1940’s says “Finder will receive deed to one seashore building lot high and dry title guaranteed $37.50.  No other expense.  Finder, return this coin within 96 hours to Cedar Lakes Inc. 729 7th Ave at 49th Street NYC. WHITE RACE ONLY“.  This was issued in the 1940’s as land promotion.

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GOVERNOR FAUBUS (FAMOUS SEGREGATIONIST) METAL SIGN

DSC06583Orval Faubus was the famous segregationist Governor of Arkansas who made international news when he called out the National Guard to prevent 9 black children from entering a white high school (Central High School).  Dramatically, the President of the United States then sent in the troops (101st Airborne) to escort the children to school.  Metal and enamel political sign reads: “I Like FAUBUS”. Continue reading

1957 CITIZEN’S COUNCILS BROCHURE “SEGREGATION AND THE SOUTH”

DSC08866  DSC08868 This is a segregationist booklet from 1957 titled “Segregation and the South” by Judge Tom Brady.  A very interesting document from the infamous White Citizen’s Council of Greenwood, Mississippi.  Interesting illustrative reference to the Little Rock Crisis of 1957 on the back showing a soldier with a bayonet “forcing” children to integrate, with the slogan “REMEMBER LITTLE ROCK.” Continue reading

1902 SEGREGATED PULLMAN PORTER TRAIN BLUEPRINT

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This Pullman Porter large fold-out from 1908 is simply beautiful; it should be mounted, matted, and framed.  You can see from the wristwatch in the horizontal photo that it is quite a large blueprint.  The  “Colored Passengers” area and “White Passengers” area are clearly notated (click the photo until it is COMPLETELY legible).  Note the red stamp that says “THE PULLMAN COMPANY, GEN’L MNGR’S OFFICE.   MANUFACTURING DEPARTMENT.  OCT-8 1902.”

Prior to the 1860s, the concept of sleeping cars on railroads had not been widely developed. George Pullman pioneered sleeping accommodations on trains, and by the late 1860s, he was hiring only African-Americans to serve as porters. After the Civil War ended in 1865 Pullman knew that there was a large pool of former slaves who would be looking for work; he also had a very clear racial conception

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Tennessee SEGREGATED Parks Brochure (late 30’s)

DSC08884Old brochure from the 1930’s promotes Tennessee’s State Parks and Recreational areas. This brochure was issued during the day of racial segregation.  Two parks on the list: Shelby Forest Park and Booker T. Washington State Park are designated “Negro”.  Both of these parks were listed as “under construction” and slated to open in 1940.

Brochure is in fine condition and measures approximately 16″ x 18″ when unfolded.  Brochure includes lots of photos and a map of the Tennessee Parks system.

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1954 BULL CONNOR LEAD PAPERWEIGHT

DSC08633   DSC08632 “CONNOR FOR GOVERNOR” lead paperweight shaped like a bull. Bull Connor, one of the 3 most famous segregationists, became a symbol of the fight against integration for using fire hoses and police attack dogs against unarmed, nonviolent protest marchers.  Birmingham, Alabama’s  famous Police Commissioner Eugene “Bull” Connor ran (unsuccessfully) for governor of Alabama and gave away these lead paperweights shaped like a bull. Continue reading

1963 RALLY “TO STOP ALL RACE-MIXING”

DSC08748 DSC08745This June 9, 1963 edition of The Montgomery Advertiser has a cover story of “Wallace Plans Call for 500 Guardsmen”.  Other cover articles include “JFK Woos Far West Negro Vote” and “Southerner Gives Threat of Filibuster”.  Of particular interest on the front page is this announcement: “States Rights Party Slates Rally Tonight” where they will “outline a plan of action to stop all race-mixing in Alabama and win the struggle for the survival of our great white race.”  The speakers, Dr. Edward R. Fields and J.B. Stoner are infamous Klansmen, one of which is STILL ACTIVE TODAY in white supremist and anti-Jewish doctrine.    Continue reading

1963 “JUDGE REFUSES TO ORDER BIRMINGHAM SCHOOLS MIX”

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This May 28, 1963 edition of The Selma Times-Journal shows the headline “JUDGE REFUSES TO ORDER BIRMINGHAM SCHOOL MIX“.  Another article just below the headline reads “Jackson next for mass effort by Negro leaders“.  Includes a very interesting Op/Ed piece titled “Uncle Tom, 1963 Model” which accuses Martin Luther King of “provoking violence” and states “…Dr. King is risking the worst interracial violence of modern times.” Continue reading

1962 Segregationist Campaign Materials (Alabama)

DSC06731“Elect Ryan deGraffenried, Governor” brochure, political card, and support letter.  All are in VG condition with the brochure having a small bend to the lower corner and the support letter (with the quote “Leadership-Education-Segregation“) having a 1” tear on the top and light soiling on the very bottom.

The letter from which these came was opened on the left-hand side, and deGraffenreid’s photo is shown on all four items.
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A HANDBOOK FOR INTEGRATED SCHOOLING, 1976

DSC08925A Handbook for Integrated Schooling issued by the United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, 1976, PB, 88 pages.

This handbook was issued to educators in RI by the Office for Civil Rights in Education.  The handbook includes: Objectives of Integrated Education, Characteristics of Effective Integrated Schools, Multi-Ethnic Teaching, The Goal of Equity and much more.  Very good condition.

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